TERMS 1-5 - Chapter 1 Review page 31 1. Development the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Review page 31 1. Development –the pattern of change that begins at conception and continuous through the life span Original sin view - Advocated during the Middle Ages, the belief that children were born into the world as evil begins and were basically bad. Tabula rasa view - Idea by John Locke- that children are like a ‘blanket table.’ Innate goodness view - Idea by Jean-Jacques Rousseau; that children are inherently good. Genetic Epistemology - Study of how children’s knowledge changes over the course of their development Culture - the behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group that are passed on from generation to generation Ethnicity - a characteristic based on cultural heritage, nationality characteristics, race, religion, and language Ethnic indemnity - a sense of membership in an ethnic group, based on shared language, religion, customs, values, history, and race Socioeconomic status (SES) - refers to the grouping of people with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics Gender - the psychological and sociocultural dimensions of being male or female Social Policy - a government’s course of action designed to promote the welfare of its citizens 2. Biological processes - changes in an individual’s body Cognitive processes - changes in an individual’s thought, intelligence, and language Socioemotional processes - changes in an individual’s relationships with other people, emotions, and personality Ex. infant's smile in response to her mother's touch Prenatal period - time from conception to birth Infancy - developmental period that extends from birth to about 18-24 months Early childhood - developmental period that extends from the end of infancy to about 5 to 6 years of age, sometimes called the preschool years Middle to Late childhood - developmental period that extends from about 6 to 11 years of age, sometimes called the elementary school years Adolescence - developmental period of transition from childhood to early adulthood, entered to approx. 10 to 12 years of age and ending at 18 to 22 years of age 3.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Nature-Nurture issue : maturation-experience Nature refers to an organism’s biological inheritance; proponents claim biological inheritance is the most important influence on development Nurture to environmental influences; proponents claim that environmental experiences are
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/11/2008 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Marchand during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 5

TERMS 1-5 - Chapter 1 Review page 31 1. Development the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online