TERMS 1-5 - Chapter 1 Review page 31 1 Development the...

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Chapter 1 Review page 31 1. Development –the pattern of change that begins at conception and continuous through the life span Original sin view - Advocated during the Middle Ages, the belief that children were born into the world as evil begins and were basically bad. Tabula rasa view - Idea by John Locke- that children are like a ‘blanket table.’ Innate goodness view - Idea by Jean-Jacques Rousseau; that children are inherently good. Genetic Epistemology - Study of how children’s knowledge changes over the course of their development Culture - the behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group that are passed on from generation to generation Ethnicity - a characteristic based on cultural heritage, nationality characteristics, race, religion, and language Ethnic indemnity - a sense of membership in an ethnic group, based on shared language, religion, customs, values, history, and race Socioeconomic status (SES) - refers to the grouping of people with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics Gender - the psychological and sociocultural dimensions of being male or female Social Policy - a government’s course of action designed to promote the welfare of its citizens 2. Biological processes - changes in an individual’s body Cognitive processes - changes in an individual’s thought, intelligence, and language Socioemotional processes - changes in an individual’s relationships with other people, emotions, and personality Ex. infant's smile in response to her mother's touch Prenatal period - time from conception to birth Infancy - developmental period that extends from birth to about 18-24 months Early childhood - developmental period that extends from the end of infancy to about 5 to 6 years of age, sometimes called the preschool years Middle to Late childhood - developmental period that extends from about 6 to 11 years of age, sometimes called the elementary school years Adolescence - developmental period of transition from childhood to early adulthood, entered to approx. 10 to 12 years of age and ending at 18 to 22 years of age 3.
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Nature-Nurture issue : maturation-experience Nature refers to an organism’s biological inheritance; proponents claim biological inheritance is the most important influence on development Nurture
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