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Unformatted text preview: I M PORTAN T PEOPLE Chapter 1 John Locke- Tabula rasa Sigmund F reud- innate goodness Chapter 2 F reud's Psychoanalytic Theory- describes development as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion. Behavior is merely a surface characteristic, and the symbolic workings of the mind have to be analyzed to understand behavior. Early experiences with parents are emphasized. E r i kson's Theory- Includes eight stages of human development. Each stage consists of a unique developmental task that confronts individuals with a crisis that must be faced Integri ty Generativi In timacy Identity Industry Ini tiative Autonom E r i kson's vs. ty vs. vs. vs. vs. y Stages despair vs. isolation identity inferiorit Guilt vs. stagnation confusion y Shame & doubt Middle Early Adolescenc M iddle Early Infancy Developme Late & late childhood (1-3 yrs) ntal Period Adulthoo Adulthood adulthoo e d (40s/50s) d (10-20 yrs) childhoo (preschoo (60s +) (20s/30s) d l, 3-5 yrs) (elem. yrs, 6 yrs to puberty) Trust vs. mistrus t Infancy (first yr) Piaget's Theory- states that children actively construct their understanding of the world and go through four stages of cognitive development. 1.Sensorimotor Stage: birth to 2 2. Preoperational Stage: 2 to 7 yrs 3. Concrete Operational Stage: 7 to 11 yrs 4. Formal Operational Stage: 11 yrs to adulthood Assimilation- occurs when children incorporate new information into their existing knowledge Accommodation- occurs when children adjust their knowledge to fit new information and experience Vygotsky's Theory- A sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture and social interaction guide cognitive development Jean Piaget- the study of cognitive development in children ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2008 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Marchand during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
- Spring '07