E01Introduction - Philosophical Ethics Lecture 01...

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Philosophical Ethics Lecture 01. Introduction to the Course Fordham University , January 21, 2016 Shane Maxwell Wilkins
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Introduction In this class, we’ll discuss: What ethics is about. Whether anybody knows ethical truths. What you should expect from this class.
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The Big Question Claim Almost everyone will have to make a difficult decision at some point in his or her life.
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The Big Question Example An aged family member falls seriously ill, slips into a coma and requires a feeding tube. Chances of recovery are slim and the cost of care places a serious financial burden on other family members. The doctor asks you, “Should we continue treatment or not?”
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The Big Question Example You are trying to decide whether to major in accounting or philosophy. You reason that an accounting major is likely to lead to a financially successful career, but you find philosphical questions so much more interesting. However, there’s no money in philosophy …
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The Big Question Example A student needs a certain grade to keep a scholarship. Without they scholarship, the student will not be able to complete his university education. You suspect the university offered this student a scholarship with a GPA requirement, knowing full well that the student was unlikely to be able to maintain that requirement. The student has been working very diligently, but does not perform well enough to earn the required grade, but comes close. Should you give the student the grade he needs to keep the scholarship, even though he didn’t earn it?
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The Big Question Question (The Big Question) What should I do?
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The Big Question Definition (Loose) Ethical theories attempt to guide us in our decision-making about what to do, i.e. they seek to answer the Big Question.
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Two Things To Note First, ethical theories arise from lots of sources, like religious leaders, political figures, and works of literature, as well as philosophy.
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Two Things To Note First, ethical theories arise from lots of sources, like religious leaders, political figures, and works of literature, as well as philosophy.
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