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POLB50 EXAM - EXAM ESSAY Words/terms that you might not...

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EXAM ESSAY Words/terms that you might not know: Centralized = Federal/national (Canadian government) has the majority of the powers and provinces are less powerful Decentralized= Central government is less powerful and the provinces are pretty powerful/ have lots of controls in areas“Federal government” – Means the central government, the Canadian government like our whole government the one that Trudeau is in charge of lol. Idk sorry you probably already know this but to makesure lol Fiscal imbalance = Financial imbalance i.e. – the amount of money that the federal government makes in taxes vs what the provinces do is unequal, also the costs of shit in the provinces is a lot more than the money they make off of their taxes so there’s a big imbalance in being able to pay all the shit they owe forlike healthcare and education and all thatJurisdiction = An area in which either the Federal government or provincial government is in charge of (i.e. Healthcare is a provincial jurisdiction. Judiciary officials – People who work in the courts (judges, legal officials etc., they have the power to interpret and apply the law). Constitution – The document written when Canada was created that contains all of Canada’s laws and freedoms and rights etc. This is what people look to in terms of what gives each level of government theirpowers Enacted = enabled, activated, made possible Supreme court = Canada’s highest legal court, where decisions on how to interpret the constitution and laws are made.Welfare = Social assistance (cash, programs, any type of family support) that is provided by the federal government to struggling people/those that are in need of itIntro:Federalism can be defined as a division of powers between two levels of government. Canadian federalism has slowly evolved from “Quasi federalism” – meaning authority and power lay mostly in the hands of the federal government to what is now called “cooperative federalism” in which the provincial and federal governments come together to create policies and in which the Provincial governments have power over many areas. 1stParagraph – Powers of disallowance– Two parts of the constitution give the federal government power to disallow provincial legislation (laws made by the province). The federal government doesn’t have final say or power over everything. And the provincial governments don’t have power over anything. “The federal government still has the power to disallow any provincial legislations, but there is a strong convention binding the federal government; as an unwritten law to prevent the federal government from abusing their power so basically, the fed government has the power, there’s just things in place to make sure they don’t abuse but for sure its still definitely there for use.

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Term
Summer
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Government, Federal government of the United States

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