Chapter 10 Notes - Abhi Jain Chapter 10 Notes Christianity...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 13 pages.

Abhi JainChapter 10 NotesChristianity, Byzantine Empire, & Dark Ages in Europe500 C.E. – 1300 C.E.Summary: This chapter for the most part focuses on the areas of the world between 500 C.E. to 1300 C.E. that were Christian. Thus, the chapter discusses the shrinkage and spread of Christianity after Islam, the fall of the Roman Empire, and the Great Schism in several areas of the world. After the fall of the Roman Empire, predominantly Christian Europe split in half.Organization of the Chapter:It begins by talking about the contraction of Christianity after the fall of the Roman Empire and the emergence of Islam in four areas of the world: Middle East, China, Egypt, and Ethiopia.It will also introduce the Byzantine Empire and the first major division of Christianity, known as the Great Schism. Shrinkage [Contraction] of Christianity [Pg. 465 – 469, Section “Christian Contraction in…”]In What Ways and Why Did Christianity Shrink in the Following Areas of the World Between 500 C.E. to1300 C.E.?MiddleEastIt was in Arabias the birthplace of Islam that Christianity decimated quickly and completelyDuring the 8th century Muslims marked the replacement of the old religion with IslamWhen expanding Muslim forces took control of Jerusalem in 638 and subsequently constructed the Muslim shrine on a sacred jewish and Christian locationsWhen the caliph Abd al-Malik ordered a new construction on that site he was appropriating for both Jewish and Christian legaciesArab conquest of Syria and Persia made people voluntarily turn to islam because of its grandeur and successSometimes churches and other religious places were plundered and destroyed deco=imitatingthe Christian faithChristians were made second class citizensChinaNestorian church was initiated in 635 by a Persian monastery monkIncorporated Buddhist values and Daoist onesIn the mid ninth century the Chinese state turned against all religions of foreign origins, Islam and Buddhism as well as christianity. Wit this Christianity received a major blowback.Mongols allowed resurgence of Christianity by the short lived empire soon need along with Christianity and Confucianism replaced it.EgyptAlong the coastal North Africa widespread conversion to Islam reduced to virtual extinction of Christian communities that had earlier provided manu of the martyrs and intellectuals of the earlier church.In Egypt Christianity was practiced as legally inferior but protected people who had to pay special taxesBy the 13th century when Christian crusaders from europe started arriving the loyalty of Christian subject was put under a microscope and churches were burned and stuff.EthiopiaEgyptian traders had introduced Christianity to NubiaNubian armies defeated Arab armies twice and resisted Muslim ruleWhen Egypt started changing Nubia followedEthiopia had become a Christian island protected by its mountainous geography and and its distance from major centers of islamic power.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture