Semester 2 Study guide - Name World History Semester Exam...

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Challenged to doubt and think, rather than faithGalileoUsed mathematics to understand reason, not GodCopernicusHeliocentric theory, against God and center of universeKeplerLaws of planetary motionDiscoveries from ScienceNewtonGravityWright BrothersoFirst successful manned flightAlbert EinsteinoTransformed physics and theory of relativityMicrochipsoAllowed computers to be resizedPossible Essay Topics-Compare and ContrastoCopernicusoGalileooMiddle AgesoRenaissance Humanism oScientific RevolutionBirth of Enlightenment Scientific RevolutionoPromoted observation and analysisHumanismoPromoted importance of individualismReformationoChallenged authority of ChurchEnlightenment thoughtsPhilosophesoIndividual rights should be protectedSocial ContractoExchange of individual freedoms for protection and safetyMontesquieuoThree branches of government, separation of powersLockeoNatural law and rightsPossible Essay Topics
Enlightenment and it’s Impactogovernmentoeducationodemocracy in the United StatesThe Three Estates in FranceFirst Estate: othe clergySecond Estate: othe Nobilityo1st& 2ndEstates mostly exempt from taxesThird Estate: othe lower and middle classesoBurden of taxes fell almost entirely on them Power of France during the French RevolutionActive Citizensoowned property, allowed to votePassive Citizensowithout property, poor, slaves, women = no voteReign of TerroroRobespierreoGuillotine, punish those who were indifferentTurning Points for FranceStorming of the Bastille oLiberation of French prison, marks start of French RevolutionBattle of WaterloooNapoleon turns from victor to failure19thCentury Changes

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