history continued

history continued - Spanish California 1969-1821 1....

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Spanish California 1969-1821 1. Missions a. 21 b. Established along the coasts, where there were large amounts of native population c. Natives used for labor d. Christianize natives 2. Pueblos a. Self-sufficient settlements with Indian Labor b. San Jose 1777 – oldest continuously inhabited civilian community in CA i. 9 soldier, 5 families, 1 cowboy ii. Leaders of communities are Peninsulars (must be born Spain) iii. Creoles – parents are pure Spanish and must be born in central America iv. Mestizo – Spanish and native blood v. Mulatto – native and African blood vi. Distance decay – the farther location the decay in relations c. Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles de Porcivncula i. Original 46 settlers, 2 were peninsulars 3. Presidios – military a. San Diego, Santa Barbara, Monterey, San Francisco b. Not well maintained (food, ammunition) 4. Rancho – agriculture a. Gifts from Spanish Government because they ran low on money Mexican California 1821-1848 1. secularization of missions (take away religious control)
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history continued - Spanish California 1969-1821 1....

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