POLS 315: Political Parties Thur Jan 19 Introductory MaterialoWhat is a political party?oHow are parties different from other political groups?oWhere did they come from and why?oWhere do we find parties?oWhy are they so common?What is a political party?o***Kenneth Janda’s definition (MEMORIZE) An organization(a group w/structure and goals) Which has at least one of its goals, The placementOf its avowed representatives(who carry the party banner w/them, allegiant) In governmental officesoWhat types of parties qualify based on this definition?What is an Interest Group?
What is a Pressure Group?What is a PAC?Differences between Parties and OthersoCompared to pressure groups, parties:Normally have wider range of interests (behavioral distinction)in order to WIN An interest group can be very narrow in addressing issues (NRA) Normally have a broader base of appeal (behavioral) Want to place avowed reps in governmental positions (definitional) 3 Parts of American Political PartiesoParty OrganizationParty committees, leaders, activists oParty in GovernmentCandidates for public office and state, local, and national public officialsoParty in the ElectorateCitizens who identify with the party “Political parties have as their goal the conquest of power or a share in its exercise… pressure groups do not seek to win power or to participate in the exercise of power; they endeavor to exert an influence on those who wield power, to bring pressure upon them.” Devaugier? Paraphrased Where did parties come from? When? Why? oWHERE: USoWHEN: The first few decades under the constitutionFirst political parties were formed in US – ironic given the anti-party environment at the timeHISTORY OF US PARTY SYSTEMoEarly 1790’s FEDERALISTparty formed (Alexander Hamilton)
Rich, well-born, well-educated should ruleParty of the upper-class