POLS 315 Class Exam 1 Notes - POLS 315 Political Parties Thur Jan 19 Introductory Material o What is a political party o How are parties different from

POLS 315 Class Exam 1 Notes - POLS 315 Political Parties...

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POLS 315: Political Parties Thur Jan 19 Introductory Material oWhat is a political party?oHow are parties different from other political groups?oWhere did they come from and why?oWhere do we find parties?oWhy are they so common?What is a political party? o ***Kenneth Janda’s definition (MEMORIZE) An organization (a group w/structure and goals) Which has at least one of its goals , The placement Of its avowed representatives (who carry the party banner w/them, allegiant) In governmental offices oWhat types of parties qualify based on this definition? What is an Interest Group?
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What is a Pressure Group? What is a PAC? Differences between Parties and Others o Compared to pressure groups, parties: Normally have wider range of interests (behavioral distinction) in order to WIN An interest group can be very narrow in addressing issues (NRA) Normally have a broader base of appeal (behavioral) Want to place avowed reps in governmental positions (definitional) 3 Parts of American Political Parties o Party Organization Party committees, leaders, activists o Party in Government Candidates for public office and state, local, and national public officials o Party in the Electorate Citizens who identify with the party “Political parties have as their goal the conquest of power or a share in its exercise… pressure groups do not seek to win power or to participate in the exercise of power; they endeavor to exert an influence on those who wield power, to bring pressure upon them.” Devaugier? Paraphrased Where did parties come from? When? Why? o WHERE: US o WHEN: The first few decades under the constitution First political parties were formed in US – ironic given the anti- party environment at the time HISTORY OF US PARTY SYSTEM o Early 1790’s FEDERALIST party formed (Alexander Hamilton)
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Rich, well-born, well-educated should rule Party of the upper-class
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