Lecture 2 methods and theory - Sex Methodology and Theory The who put what where why and when Research Methods Sex scientists choose a specific way of

Lecture 2 methods and theory - Sex Methodology and Theory...

This preview shows page 1 - 11 out of 66 pages.

Sex Methodology and Theory: The who put what where, why, and when?
Research Methods Sex scientists choose a specific way of asking scientific questions to get particular types of answers Do you want to know behavior? Motivations? Subconscious desires? Physical/mental health
Methods in Sex Research Correlational Studies vs. Experimental Studies “Correlation is not Causation”
Correlational Studies Measure 2 or more naturally occurring variables to determine their relationship to each other Can only tell direction of the relationship Can’t determine which variable causes which
Experimental Studies Manipulate variables to see changes Can use to determine which variables cause other variables to change Independent Variable (IV) – the variable you are manipulating and changing yourself Dependent Variable (DV) – the variable you are measuring, looking for change
Sex Surveys
Sex Surveys Advantages: Fairly quick and inexpensive Gives you a global picture of sex behavior at one moment in time (repeat that every year, even more data) Disadvantages Self-report bias Memory problems
Types of Surveys Interviews Advantages Can build trust Can clarify questions Flexible Disadvantages Takes more time/money People want to look good Requires substantial training
Types of Surveys Questionnaires Advantages Cheap and easy More anonymity = more honesty Disadvantages No answer? Can’t check why Literacy problems
Types of Surveys Computer Assisted/Internet Advantages Don’t have to be literate Can be programmed to skip questions Shown to produce more reliable results Disadvantages Some people are unfamiliar/distrusting of computers Lose the rapport developed through interviews

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture