100%(5)5 out of 5 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.
1. The system discussed in this case was a decision support system. However, other types ofcomputer-aided support are utilized in medicine. Can you think of ways that the medical profession could use AI systems? For example, how about pattern recognition? Could that help in diagnosing illness? One of the ways that the medical profession can use AI is through the use of an ECG (electrocardiograph) in patients with hypertension to detect the risk of congestive heart failure. Cardiologist use the ECG to monitor the heart rhythm of a patient, and then analyze the patterns to detect irregularities in the heart rhythm.<>For instance, Cardiologists analyze the ECG wave pattern for strain in patients to diagnose and predict which patients might have a higher risk of congestive heart failure. According to study done by physician-scientists at NY-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, the patients who have strain are at a greater risk of congestive heart failure, regardless of other factors, such as ages, gender, and other health related conditions.<2. A big worry in the collating and aggregation of medical information across departments and even medical institutions is that the more access there is to a person’s medical information, the more exposed that personal information becomes. HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), signed into law in 1996, addresses the security and privacy of your health data. The law was enacted to try to ensure that medical records, electronically stored and transferred, would be protected. Do you think that making your medical records available to the various branches of the medical industry (doctors, therapists, insurance companies, hospital billing, etc.) is, on the whole, good or bad? Why? Can you think of any instances where disclosure of medical information could cause problems for a patient?