STUDYGUIDEANSWERSEXAM1 - CHICANO STUDIES 445 Dr. Rodolfo F....

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CHICANO STUDIES 445Dr. Rodolfo F. Acuña1)The book talks extensively about the evolution of the indigenous peoples. Discuss this evolution andthe role that the development of a world system played in the various transformations.
The Maya-Agricultural Villages appeared 1800 BC.•Formed a trade network that interacted with the Gulf coast, Oaxaca, and Central Mexico•Experimented with advance forms of agriculture, dug irrigation canals, and reclaimed wetlands by constructingraised fields.•Increases in population -> larger ceremonial centers (rulers controlled religious rituals and the belief system.•Divine lord (Ahauob) ruled millions of farmers, craftsmen , merchants, warriors, nobles… presided overcapitals (pyramids, temples, palaces, open plazas serviced by urban populations•Agriculture and trade produced the prosperity and enabled the Maya to build temple-pyramids, monuments,palaces•Calendars were a product of time science•9th century A.D the Maya Classic culture began to decline (Revolts, warfare, disease/ crop failure)dissatisfaction with leadership•Hieroglyphic writing And numerical system•Organized themselves into extended families in which there was a patrilineal descent•Inheritor of supreme authority established through Primogeniture (the rule of clan elders)•Class differences existed overtime, one’s position in society was hereditary.•Few women rulersThe decline of Mayan civilization•Hostile and fragile rain forest.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Acuna
Tags
The American, Mexican American

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