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In the Iliad, The great fighter Achilles continuously struggles with massive hubris throughout the novel. At one point, Achilles’ friend Patroclus decides to impersonate Achilles on the battlefield to boost the Greek morale. Homer’s purpose is to depict the more human side of Achilles as he mourns the death of his friend who fought for his sake. Using appeals to pathos and rhetorical devices such as imagery, Homer paints Achilles to be a hardened warrior who onlyreveals his true self when he is emotionally wounded. Throughout Achilles’ speech, his appeal to pathos is strong, as he is laden with the heavy emotional toll that comes with the death of a dear friend, especially because Patroclus’ death waspartially his fault. His deep anguish is addressed when Achilles states “Despite my anguish I will beat it down, the fury mounting inside me, down by force”. Achilles channels his emotions by vowing to go back and fight for the sake of Patroclus after a long hiatus due to his pettiness against Agamemnon. The great pain Achilles felt after learning of Patroclus is immediate from