china health care management

china health care management - The state of universal...

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The state of universal health care coverage in China. “The state of universal health care coverage in China.” Name of the student: Student identification number: Course tittle: Course code: Submitted to: Date of submission: 1
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The state of universal health care coverage in China. 1. Introduction. The World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete physical, social and psychological or mental wellbeing of an individual but not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (Callahan, 1973). Therefore the notion that when someone is free from disease he/she is healthy is surpassed with time. Health is a fundamental right of each and every individual living in any given country. Therefore, each and every human being staying in this planet has a right to the highest possible level of health. This right is the most important worldwide social goal whose realization requires the action of many other social and economic sectors other than the health sector. Each and every government should be committed towards realization of universal health care to its citizens. It has long been well known that a health nation is a wealth nation. This is because a health population can effectively take part in different economic activities that lead to the growth of a given nation. Universal health care is the provision of healthcare services that are of high quality, are accessible by all both poor and rich and that does not cause financial ruin to the people being served (Hall and Taylor, 2003). Therefore, to provide an effective universal health care system, there need to be a balance between the cost of the service, quality of the service and accessibility of the service. The services should be readily accessible and of high quality but of low cost. Therefore according to WHO, Universal health coverage is defined as ensuring that all people have access to needed promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative health services, of sufficient quality to be effective, while also ensuring that people do not suffer financial hardship when paying for these services. This can be achieved using various methods such as making the health insurance services available to everyone, subsidizing the cost of health care and restructuring the health delivery systems through formulating and implementation of legislations 2
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The state of universal health care coverage in China. that will ensure that every citizen is entitled to quality healthcare services including emergency services without discrimination. Before the introduction of the universal health coverage by the World Health Organization, healthcare services used to be very expensive such that only those who were rich could afford better health care services. The situation was further made worse by the deplorable state of the public health institutions as they lacked adequate government funding with no enough doctors to attend to the poor patients who were flocking the government hospitals.
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