POLITICAL SCIENCE 366: TERRORISM AND GENOCIDE
FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET/FALL 2006
***The final exam
limited to the following terms:
Abimael Guzman: Leader of the shining
path guerilla movement.
A Leftist professor
who exposed Maoist philosophy.
Shining Path was a indigenous Maoist
movement which sought to overthrow the
became quite powerful due profits from
narcotrafficking, and carried out bombing
and assisanation campaigns in the 80s and
Guzman was captured in a
military raid on a shining path safe house in
Lima in 1992, where he was found partying.
He was not formally charged until 2005.
-Islamic separatist group in the
Southern Philippines with links to Al-Qaeda
Al Qaeda – transnational terrorist
organization based on fundemental
interpretation of Islam (Wahabism).
by Osama bin Laden, a Yemeni-born, son a
Saudi construction billionaire.
against the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan,
and helped fund the transportation of non-
Afghan fighters into Afghanistan. After the
1991 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Osama
offered Kind Faudh the use of Osama’s
mujadidin to expel Saddam, but the Saudi’s
instead allow the United States’ military to
lead the operation.
The US invasion of
Kuwait is the moment when Osama became
virutlently anti-American. In 1992 Osama
flees the kingdom fearing persecution, and
goes to Sudan, where he stays for two years
before being kicked out again. During his
stay in Sudan he created al-Qaeda.
heads back to Afghanistan, which by this
time (1997) was under the control of the
Once there, he set up a number of
terrorist training camps, and brought in a
number of individuals to train. Dr. Ayman
Al Zawahra, the leader of a Muslim
Brotherhood offshoot, came to Afghanistan
and joined Al-Qaeda in 1998.
In that same
year, the organization launched
simultaneous attacks against American
Embassy’s in Kenya and Tanzania.
to the 1998 US cruise missile attack on Al-
Qaeda training sights in Afghanistan in the
same here, narrowly missing bin-Laden.
The group also launched attacks on the
U.S.S. Cole in Yemen, and most famously,
the September 11
organization and its affiliates are currently
thought to be active in 180 countries
Al-Zarqawi – Jordanian leader of Al-Qaeda
in Mesopotamia, who was caught in 2006 by
U.S. military forces.
Al-Zawahiri – Egyptian leader of a Muslim
brotherhood offshoot who joined with
Osama bin Laden in 1998, often described
as Osama bin Laden’s first lieutenant.
Armenian Genocide – In the early 20
century, the Committee for Union and
Progress, a Turkish national group, comes to
power in the Ottoman Empire.
to revive the past glories of the Ottoman
empire through the installation of pan-
Turanick ideologies, which basically
amounted to Turkish nationalism, including
the various Turkish peoples of Central
The Armenians, however, were a