Review Sheet for POSC366 Final

Review Sheet for POSC366 Final - POLITICAL SCIENCE 366...

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POLITICAL SCIENCE 366: TERRORISM AND GENOCIDE FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET/FALL 2006 ***The final exam WILL NOT be limited to the following terms: Abimael Guzman: Leader of the shining path guerilla movement. A Leftist professor who exposed Maoist philosophy. The Shining Path was a indigenous Maoist movement which sought to overthrow the Peruvian government. The movement became quite powerful due profits from narcotrafficking, and carried out bombing and assisanation campaigns in the 80s and early 1990s. Guzman was captured in a military raid on a shining path safe house in Lima in 1992, where he was found partying. He was not formally charged until 2005. Abu Sayyaf -Islamic separatist group in the Southern Philippines with links to Al-Qaeda Al Qaeda – transnational terrorist organization based on fundemental interpretation of Islam (Wahabism). Created by Osama bin Laden, a Yemeni-born, son a Saudi construction billionaire. Fought the against the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, and helped fund the transportation of non- Afghan fighters into Afghanistan. After the 1991 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Osama offered Kind Faudh the use of Osama’s mujadidin to expel Saddam, but the Saudi’s instead allow the United States’ military to lead the operation. The US invasion of Kuwait is the moment when Osama became virutlently anti-American. In 1992 Osama flees the kingdom fearing persecution, and goes to Sudan, where he stays for two years before being kicked out again. During his stay in Sudan he created al-Qaeda. He then heads back to Afghanistan, which by this time (1997) was under the control of the Taliban. Once there, he set up a number of terrorist training camps, and brought in a number of individuals to train. Dr. Ayman Al Zawahra, the leader of a Muslim Brotherhood offshoot, came to Afghanistan and joined Al-Qaeda in 1998. In that same year, the organization launched simultaneous attacks against American Embassy’s in Kenya and Tanzania. This led to the 1998 US cruise missile attack on Al- Qaeda training sights in Afghanistan in the same here, narrowly missing bin-Laden. The group also launched attacks on the U.S.S. Cole in Yemen, and most famously, the September 11 th attacks. The organization and its affiliates are currently thought to be active in 180 countries Al-Zarqawi – Jordanian leader of Al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia, who was caught in 2006 by U.S. military forces. Al-Zawahiri – Egyptian leader of a Muslim brotherhood offshoot who joined with Osama bin Laden in 1998, often described as Osama bin Laden’s first lieutenant. Armenian Genocide – In the early 20 th century, the Committee for Union and Progress, a Turkish national group, comes to power in the Ottoman Empire. They sought to revive the past glories of the Ottoman empire through the installation of pan- Turanick ideologies, which basically amounted to Turkish nationalism, including the various Turkish peoples of Central Europe. The Armenians, however, were a non-Turkish ethnic group with Millet Status in the Ottoman Empire, who were
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