SPSSFinall - SPSS I Introduction 1 What does SPSS stands...

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SPSS
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I. Introduction: 1) What does SPSS stands for? SPSS: stands for Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. 2) Why we use SPSS? SPSS is a good first statistical package for people wanting to perform quantitative research in social science because it is easy to use and because it can be a good starting point to learn more advanced statistical packages. 3) Startup To start the SPSS application, follow these steps. 1. From the Windows XP Desktop, select the following menu options: Start > All Programs > SPSS for Windows > SPSS 12.0 for Windows 4) Printing Make sure the window you want to print from is active (select it by clicking on it). Then choose Print from the File menu. You have the choice of printing only what is highlighted (selected) 5) Exiting SPSS You can switch to other Windows applications while SPSS is running by pressing Alt-Tab. To properly close an SPSS session, choose Exit from the File menu OR click on the close box of the Data Editor. 6) SPSS Windows and Files We can divide this research question into two variables: 1. Dependent variable ( the variable we are trying to explain). 2. Independent variable (the variable that is supposed to be influencing the dependent variable). In SPSS program, you are likely to work with three kinds of windows and have the opportunity to save the contents of each. Here is an over view for the most important points in each window
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Windows File Suffix Function Editor .sav Used to define, enter, and edit your data and to run statistical tests Output .spo Contains the results of the statistical procedures Syntax .sps This window is activated when you click on the Paste function and records a record of the operations that are "pasted. II. Entering Data When you first open up SPSS for Windows, you will be prompted to make a decision about running the tutorial, typing in new data, opening up an existing file, etc. Because you will be creating a new data file, click on Type in data and then click OK . This should bring you to the initial screen which is the data editor.
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Initial SPSS Data Editor Screen The first step in working with SPSS is to enter your data and to create an SPSS data file. Example (1) Assume that you are interested in developing a profile of people who use a soup kitchen in your city. To do this you collected the following information from a random sample of 50 users of the soup kitchen.
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Points to Keep in Mind As you type in your data, you will need to do each of the following. 1. Create a separate line for each case, which in this particular example is each person. 2. Create a column for each variable of interest. In this example, we will use seven columns, one for each of the following variables (person, gender, age, number of siblings, health score, personality score, activity score). 3. Develop a numerical code for the gender variable. In this case, we will
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SPSSFinall - SPSS I Introduction 1 What does SPSS stands...

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