P108 - P108: The Social Animal 06/24/08 Lecture 1 Intrinsic...

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P108: The Social Animal – 06/24/08 – Lecture 1 Intrinsic Extrinsic For taking the class: -interesting (2) -expected it to be fun (3) For going to college: -want to learn For taking the class: -requirement for major (35) -requirement for minor (4) -scheduling conflict (1) -units to graduate (6) For going to college: -“good job” (well paying, good benefits) -parental pressure -conformity “People don’t hump much on a hump day, or any work day” Library Patron Numbers The thing that causes a decrease in the desire to learn is the educational process (as it is conventionally practiced) Two types of motivation: Intrinsic – desire to do an activity as an end in itself, not as means Extrinsic – desire to do an activity as a means to some other end o External contingency – reward is not the activity itself but contingent on the activity Generalizations about differences between intrinsic and extrinsic: Affect (how you feel while doing the activity) – feel better when doing it for intrinsic reasons Quality of performance – out of intrinsic motivation do it better than when extrinsically motivated Duration of activity – in absence of external contingencies, if for intrinsic reasons, will do it longer “I don’t like to use the word test, maybe testie. Not testes, though, just one” P108: The Social Animal – 06/26/08 – Lecture 2 I. Nice Genes, Mean Environment a. Natural selection of Desires b. Over-justification Effect i. Promising superfluous reward ii. Threatening superfluous punishment c. The Allure of Optimal Challenge d. The Allure of Optimal Exposure e. The Allure of the Unkown
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II. Behaviorism vs. Intrinsic/Extrinsic Motivation External reasons to learn: don’t enjoy as much, don’t learn as well (shallow learning), and take shortcuts Influences on intrinsic motivation: proximal (close/recent) and most distal (evolution) Collision between biological and cultural evolution Cultural revolution occurs at high rate We have many things ancestors didn’t: gambling, drugs, etc. It is the environment (the interaction between our genes and our current environment) that is the problem Intrinsic motivation instinctively o Behavior that has powerful effects of whether you will live or die natural selection for those who are intrinsically motivated because they are more likely to do B to get to C for longer o One step further, automatic behaviors such as blinking or breathing If hold breath, then become consciously motivated to breath after a while Over-justification effect
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P108 - P108: The Social Animal 06/24/08 Lecture 1 Intrinsic...

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