P108 - P108 The Social Animal Lecture 1 Intrinsic For...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
P108: The Social Animal – 06/24/08 – Lecture 1 Intrinsic Extrinsic For taking the class: -interesting (2) -expected it to be fun (3) For going to college: -want to learn For taking the class: -requirement for major (35) -requirement for minor (4) -scheduling conflict (1) -units to graduate (6) For going to college: -“good job” (well paying, good benefits) -parental pressure -conformity “People don’t hump much on a hump day, or any work day” Library Patron Numbers The thing that causes a decrease in the desire to learn is the educational process (as it is conventionally practiced) Two types of motivation: Intrinsic – desire to do an activity as an end in itself, not as means Extrinsic – desire to do an activity as a means to some other end o External contingency – reward is not the activity itself but contingent on the activity Generalizations about differences between intrinsic and extrinsic: Affect (how you feel while doing the activity) – feel better when doing it for intrinsic reasons Quality of performance – out of intrinsic motivation do it better than when extrinsically motivated Duration of activity – in absence of external contingencies, if for intrinsic reasons, will do it longer “I don’t like to use the word test, maybe testie. Not testes, though, just one” P108: The Social Animal – 06/26/08 – Lecture 2 I. Nice Genes, Mean Environment a. Natural selection of Desires b. Over-justification Effect i. Promising superfluous reward ii. Threatening superfluous punishment c. The Allure of Optimal Challenge d. The Allure of Optimal Exposure e. The Allure of the Unkown
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
II. Behaviorism vs. Intrinsic/Extrinsic Motivation External reasons to learn: don’t enjoy as much, don’t learn as well (shallow learning), and take shortcuts Influences on intrinsic motivation: proximal (close/recent) and most distal (evolution) Collision between biological and cultural evolution Cultural revolution occurs at high rate We have many things ancestors didn’t: gambling, drugs, etc. It is the environment (the interaction between our genes and our current environment) that is the problem Intrinsic motivation instinctively o Behavior that has powerful effects of whether you will live or die natural selection for those who are intrinsically motivated because they are more likely to do B to get to C for longer o One step further, automatic behaviors such as blinking or breathing If hold breath, then become consciously motivated to breath after a while Over-justification effect
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 07/27/2008 for the course PSYC 54040 taught by Professor Kasof during the Summer '08 term at UC Irvine.

Page1 / 5

P108 - P108 The Social Animal Lecture 1 Intrinsic For...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online