Exam #2 (Lecture Notes) - Lecture 7(1st half a November 2nd Sexual Development Childhood Adolescence 1 The developmental approach Specific people

Exam #2 (Lecture Notes) - Lecture 7(1st half a November 2nd...

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Lecture 7 (1st half: a) November 2 nd Sexual Development: Childhood / Adolescence 1. The developmental approach Specific people Developmental stage approach o Life; go through ages; o What people in the age group impact o Difference between various age group o Example: open parent deals with sexuality child more open 2. Childhood sexuality Freud's stage o The only study we have; he gave something we can work on; right and wrong o Concern that people are misunderstanding what you are saying: Meaning of sex changes Sex at 12 years old is different at 4 years old Sexuality at young person VS sexuality at old person o Stage 1: Oral Stage (0~1 year old) Every action is based on pleasure principles (pleasure of feeding at mother's breast) Weaning: first feeling of loss o Stage 2: Anal Stage (2~3 years old) Erogenous zone changes from the mouth to the anus Control the body Toilet training o Stage 3: Phallic 生殖器崇拜的 Stage (3~5 or 6 years old) Right and wrong; Oedipus complex Boy: have sex because they have penis Girl: never has sex or pleasure like men (they don't have penis) Masturbation / genital touching: Feel pleasure; Not deliberately (may not repeat) Sex play (doctor play): learn general sex and pleasure on sex Curiosity: about different genders and bodies Hear kids talking about sexuality o Stage 4: Latency 潜伏 Stage (from age 6 until puberty) Oedipus conflict The Ego's failure directs his/her energies towards socially acceptable activities o Stage 5: Genital Stage (spans puberty through adult life) Study from Larson & Svedin (2002) o Large percent showing children's curiosity more important than anything else learning Showing genitals; Curious about other children's bodies "Primal scenes" o Accidental contact: Kids went into parents' bedroom and found their parents (having sex) Okami 1995: No evidence showing: there is negative experience associated with this action Kids reactions really depend on how parents deal with this kind of things Parent negative actions will cause children negative reactions Ehrenberg 1999: Book about how parents deal with sexual issues to kids Category scene: most positive most negative Sex repressive (most negative category): sex is bad (should not do it) -Parent deals with sexual issues negatively Punishment on sex play -Negative explanation on sex (sex education) Sex Avoidance
-Parent doesn't want to show negative reaction; feel uncomfortable to talk -Only talk with (using different ways: books) when they feel they have to talk Sex obsessive -Parent talks about sex too much and improperly -Sometimes push their children & make kids really uncomfortable -Ex: showing female magazines to boys (to avoid them to be a gay) Sex expressive: ideal category -Answer the questions if children ask this freely and comfortably -Let the kid to lead the education Sex ???

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