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Lecture 7 (1st half: a)November 2ndSexual Development: Childhood / Adolescence1. The developmental approachSpecific peopleDevelopmental stage approachoLife; go through ages;oWhat people in the age group impactoDifference between various age groupoExample: open parent deals with sexualitychild more open2. Childhood sexualityFreud's stageoThe only study we have; he gave something we can work on; right and wrongoConcern that people are misunderstanding what you are saying: Meaning of sex changesSex at 12 years old is different at 4 years oldSexuality at young person VS sexuality at old personoStage 1: Oral Stage (0~1 year old)Every action is based on pleasure principles (pleasure of feeding at mother's breast)Weaning: first feeling of lossoStage 2: Anal Stage (2~3 years old)Erogenous zone changes from the mouth to the anusControl the bodyToilet trainingoStage 3: Phallic生殖器崇拜的Stage (3~5 or 6 years old)Right and wrong; Oedipus complexBoy: have sex because they have penisGirl: never has sex or pleasure like men (they don't have penis)Masturbation / genital touching: Feel pleasure; Not deliberately (may not repeat)Sex play (doctor play): learn general sex and pleasure on sexCuriosity: about different genders and bodiesHear kids talking about sexualityoStage 4: Latency潜伏Stage (from age 6 until puberty)Oedipus conflictThe Ego's failure directs his/her energies towards socially acceptable activitiesoStage 5: Genital Stage (spans puberty through adult life)Study from Larson & Svedin (2002)oLarge percent showing children's curiositymore important than anything elselearningShowing genitals; Curious about other children's bodies"Primal scenes"oAccidental contact: Kids went into parents' bedroom and found their parents (having sex)Okami 1995:No evidence showing: there is negative experience associated with this actionKids reactions really depend on how parents deal with this kind of thingsParent negative actions will cause children negative reactionsEhrenberg 1999: Book about how parents deal with sexual issues to kidsCategory scene: most positivemost negativeSex repressive (most negative category): sex is bad (should not do it)-Parent deals with sexual issues negativelyPunishment on sex play-Negative explanation on sex (sex education)Sex Avoidance
-Parent doesn't want to show negative reaction; feel uncomfortable to talk-Only talk with (using different ways: books) when they feel they have to talkSex obsessive-Parent talks about sex too much and improperly-Sometimes push their children & make kids really uncomfortable-Ex: showing female magazines to boys (to avoid them to be a gay)Sex expressive: ideal category-Answer the questions if children ask this freely and comfortably-Let the kid to lead the educationSex???