- midterm exam prep - Introduction to Korean Culture class...

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Introduction to Korean Culture class Midterm study note :Definition:9. Three Kingdoms; Koguryo, Paekche, Silla 10. Bonerank System – Used in Silla, to differentiate between the Royal family and the rest of people. 11. Hwabaek Council of Nobles – Council of Nobles from Shilla to make deicions for the country12. Hwarang Youth Corps –Consisted of young men in Shilla, military to protect the kings 15. Hyangga Silla Poems1. Prehistory (no written document)- Paleolithic (ancient Stone Age)- Neolithic (new stone age)*Hunting, *cave (gathered together), *animism (any object live or dead, there is a spirit in it, and they control us), *animistic & shamanism (developed a system to get the food) *rice culture (people began to settle down >> larger family >> population grew)2. Old Choson (ancient)- Tangun Choseon (The founder of ancient choson)- Bronze (weapon, tools >>>began to kill people in order to expand people)- Iron age (killed weak tribes to expand the size)I.Bone Ranks (Kolpurn)1.Sacred Bone = Hollowed Bone (Songgol) 송골Royal family of Kim clanColour – gold2.True Bone (Chingol) 진골Royal Family of Park clan who provided Sillan ruler with wivesColour – purpleThe children + family constitutes the True BoneLater marrying only to Park ceased
Tangun choson – hwangin>>hwanung + bear = Tangun >>mythology that Korean people chose to believe>>(didn’t want to say our foundation is from China, but from God >>we are more superior) Implications of Tangun MythKorea is homogenous raceLong HistoryOne CivilizationGod + Human Being = theocracy / TheogonyHarmony of heaven and earth = God and ManUniversal Hharmony of man and animalReligion Sun-worshipIncanation of GodHananim concept – monotheism Ichadon’s martyr (Park Yum Chok) – because of the strong opposition from conservative party to the newreligion, King Pophung and Ichadon thought they needed a super surprise event to bring Buddhism in. So, they decided that Ichadon would construct a temple without Royal family’s permission. And Ichadon was executed for doing it, (when his head was cut off, his head landed off at 금강산 around 경주, and in his neck, the blood was milk/ and there was a great earthquake (Ichadon was about 22 or 26)* Pophung – Buddhism became a national religion in 527 (after Ichadon’s execution), he and his wife (king and queen) devoted their lives to BuddhismMahayana B – When Buddhism arose in India first, there were only two kinds, Mahayana and Hinayana. Mahayana focused on “universal salvation - everyone can be saved” – has less vehicleHinayana B – emphasized on “just few fortunate people who can be saved – has greater vehicleOne Mind – In Buddhist way of thinking, doesn’t matter if it’s a global problem or personal problem, if someone comes to a state of “one mind” – there is no fight, no war, or whatsoeverIn Korea, the religion went fromShamnism >> Buddhism (3kingdoms and Koryo) >> Confucianism (choson) >> Christianity ( late 19thcentury to now)
Buddhism – created by Siddhartha Sakamony, came to Korea during 3 kingdoms, it became so popular in

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