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POPCULTURE IN LATE CHOSON01/05/161.P’ANSORI (FOLK OPERA)2.SIJO (POETIC FORM)TERMS:1.Sijo (Short Poems)2.Tanga (Short Stories)3.Hansi (Chinese Poems)4.Kisaeng (Women Entertainer)5.P’ansori (Folk Opera) 6.Kwangdae Kasu (Singer)7.Kosu (Drummer)8.Song of Ch’unghyang (Spring Fragrance) P’ANSORIDeveloped in 18thcenturyConsisted of popular songs that were transmitted orally The 3 elements Singer, Drummer and Audience. Started out as a form of entertainment for the lower class people, eventually was performed in the royal palace. It was customized to fit the class of the audience In the 19thcentury the P’ansori repertoire was recognized by Shin Chae HyoMostly performed by men, later performed by womenHungbo and Nolbu (Reward Good Punish Evil)“Story of Lieutenant Pa” Pa thinks the kisaeng is an angel, and gets tricked by everyoneSIJO Native Korean literature form which is still written today At first Sijo were composed by upper-class men, but in the 16thcentury many women entertainers (kisaeng) started to write them Fully formed in Choson, some believed it came from Hansi translationSome believed it started in Silla, Hyangga2 of the most famous Sijo poets wereChong Ch’ol, a 16thcentury yangban scholar and Hwang Chin-I, a 16thcentury kisaeng Themes Nature, Love, Kisaeng poems, passing timeMakes an ideal form for Neo-ConfucianistMain topics first was royalty to the kingOther things were love of nature and lamenting of passing time more Buddhist formBlue rapid and moon it rhymes and its longerChong Ch’ol He was exiled from the capital city for a while, he had conflicts with the Yangban society and wrote all these poemsHwang Chin-I16thcentury Kisaeng (women entertainer)One of the most famous writers in Choson, Her father was a Yangban and mother was a Yangban’s concubine, so she couldn’t qualify as a YangbanPeople of Kasaeng were proud of her She was not valued at all, probably her stories are thrown away“Long November Night” – famous poem (SIJO) LATE CHOSON REFORM & ENLIGHTMENT01/12/16
TERMS: 1.Treaty of Nanking (1842) 08/29 Treaty of Peace, to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839-42) btwn the UK of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China2.Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) Perry returned to Tokyo to sign the Treaty on 03/31 which opened Japan to trade with the US, and the West3.T. of Kanghwa (1876) The Japan – Korea Treaty of 1876, the Japan – Korea Treaty of Amityin Japanese or Treaty of Ganghwa Island in Korean, was made btwn representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Joseon Kingdom in 1876. Japanese influenced over to the young progressive politicians4.Kim Ok Kyun Reformist, activist during the Late Choson Dynasty of Korea, served under thenational civil service under King Kojong and actively participated to advance Western ideas and sciences in Korea5.Ito Hirofumi 6.Li Hung-Chan 7.Choe Cheu