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Chapter_01 - Chapter 1 The Historical Context of Emergency...

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Chapter 1 The Historical Context of Emergency Management Welcome to Introduction to Emergency Management. Over the next 10 modules, we will be exploring the fundamental principles of the emergency management profession, and will investigate the primary functions addressed by today’s emergency management practitioners. With these principles in mind, we will investigate the dynamic role of the modern emergency management professional. Specifically, we will be looking at the following topics in this class: 1. The History of Emergency Management 2. Hazards, Risk, and Vulnerability 3. Mitigation 4. Preparedness 5. Communications 6. Response 7. Recovery 8. International Disaster Management 9. Terrorism 10. The Future of Emergency Management In order to establish a context for the material we will discuss throughout the course, we will spend this first module looking at the formative history of the emergency management profession in the United States. In this module we will investigate the evolution of emergency management systems, structures. It is so important that we understand these early events as they form the basis of the profession as it exists today, and strongly influence how it adapts to each successive watershed event. Module Objectives By the end of this module, the student should be able to: Describe the early roots of emergency management Define the modern history of emergency management in the United States Explain how FEMA came to exist and how it evolved during the 1980s, 1990s, and the early twenty-first century Describe the modern history of emergency management in the United States, and the sudden changes to modern emergency management that resulted from the 9/11 terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina Describe the changes that have occurred as a result of Hurricane Katrina and subsequent events (including a new administration in Washington, D.C.)
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Introduction Early History: 1800-1950 The Cold War and the Rise of Civil Defense: the 1950’s Changes to Emergency Management: the 1960’s The Call for a National Focus on Emergency Management: the 1970’s Civil Defense Reappears as Nuclear Attack Planning: the 1980’s An Agency in Trouble: 1989-1992 The Witt Revolution: 1993-2001 Terrorism: 2001 The Steps Leading to the Hurricane Katrina Debacle Post Katrina Changes The Future Environment of Emergency Management Emergency management is an ancient discipline that deals with risk and risk avoidance. Risk represents a broad range of issues and includes an equally diverse set of players. The range of situations that could possibly involve emergency management or the EM system is extensive. This supports the premise that emergency management is integral to the security of everyone’s daily lives and should be integrated into daily decisions and not just called on during times of disaster.
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