discussion chpt. 13, 16, 17 - Chapter 13 Distinguish between crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence with examples Explain how they change in

discussion chpt. 13, 16, 17 - Chapter 13 Distinguish...

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Chapter 13: Distinguish between crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence with examples. Explain how they change in middle adulthood. During middle adulthood John Horn stated two concepts of intelligence and the possible changes in the cognitive development during this period. Horn argued that middle-aged adult’s ability to accumulate information and verbal skills continues to increase, this concept was called crystallized intelligence (Santrock, p.343). For example, an individual in their twenties may have a difficult time understanding others but an individual at the age of fifty-five will be more successful. The reason why an individual in their fifties is more successful in understanding others is due to their ability to relate new knowledge with their life experiences (Cherry). Furthermore, Horn’s second concept was fluid intelligence. He explained fluid intelligence was the ability to reason theoretically. Horn argued that during middle adulthood the ability to recognize and understand patterns to solve other problems declines (Santrock, p.344). For

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