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Unformatted text preview: Module 4 Quiz
Due Jan 16 at 11:59pm Points 50 Questions 50 Available until Jan 16 at 11:59pm Time Limit None Allowed Attempts 2 Take the Quiz Again Attempt History Attempt Time Score LATEST Attempt 1 46 minutes 48 out of 50 Answers will be shown after your last attempt
Score for this attempt: 48 out of 50
Submitted Jan 12 at 12:58pm
This attempt took 46 minutes. Question 1 1 / 1 pts Social structure creates stability and order in a society, but also creates boundaries and establishes unequal relations between groups of
people. True False Question 2 1 / 1 pts Role expectations tend to be very specific regardless of the type of status that they refer to.
True False Question 3 1 / 1 pts Role performance always matches role expectations.
True False Question 4
Role conflict and role strain are essentially the same thing.
1 / 1 pts True False Question 5 1 / 1 pts Exiting a role is more difficult for some roles than for others.
True False Question 6 1 / 1 pts Many people spend a majority of their time within formal organizations.
True False Incorrect Question 7 0 / 1 pts W ithin industrial and postindustrial societies, a person’s occupation is a key defining characteristic.
True False Question 8 1 / 1 pts Social encounters and social interaction have different meaning for people based on their status and previous experience.
True False Incorrect Question 9
Impression management is equally important, regardless of the nature of the social interaction and the status of the participants.
True False 0 / 1 pts Question 10 1 / 1 pts Even in adulthood, women are touched more frequently than men.
True False Question 11 1 / 1 pts The need for personal space appears to decrease as one ages.
True False Question 12 1 / 1 pts The sociological term for the process by which people act toward and respond to other people, and which is considered the foundation for
all relationships and groups in society, is __________.
social interaction Question 13 1 / 1 pts All of these statements about social structure are true, except______________________.
it connects individuals to the larger society it is essential for the survival of society it is not essential for individual wellbeing it provides a web of familial support and social relationships Question 14
W hich of these is not considered one of the five traditional social institutions?
military 1 / 1 pts economy family education Question 15 1 / 1 pts At the __________, the social structure of a society has several essential elements: social institutions, groups, statuses, roles, and norms.
metalevel mesolevel macrolevel microlevel Question 16 1 / 1 pts __________ theorists emphasize that social structure is essential because it creates order and predictability in a society.
Functionalist Symbolic interactionist Conflict Premodern Question 17 1 / 1 pts Social structure consists of all of these, except __________.
institutions status and roles values groups and organizations Question 18
__________ refers to the state of being part insider and part outsider in the social structure, such as that of immigrants who
simultaneously share the life and traditions of two distinct groups. Stigmatization 1 / 1 pts Anomie Social marginality Alienation Question 19 1 / 1 pts Being homeless, having immigrant status, wearing a prison uniform, and having a visible physical disability are all examples of
__________. social norms anomie role conflicts stigmas Question 20 1 / 1 pts A __________ is a socially defined position in a group or society characterized by certain expectations, rights, and duties, and it exists
independently of the specific people occupying the position. role label status class Question 21 1 / 1 pts Teacher, student, professional athlete, rock musician, and homeless person are all examples of __________. labels classes statuses roles Question 22 1 / 1 pts Amber is a first grade teacher, a daughter, a wife, a mother, a Presbyterian, a soccer coach, and a Kansas resident. Taken together, all of
these socially defined positions constitute her __________. status grouping status category status set status diagram Question 23 1 / 1 pts A(n) __________ status is a social position a person assumes voluntarily as a result of personal choice, merit, or direct effort.
achieved universal ascribed central Question 24 1 / 1 pts W hich of these is not an achieved status?
sister teacher mother tennis coach Question 25 1 / 1 pts One’s occupation is an indicator of level of education and income and may also reflect family background. In the United States, occupation
is an important determinant of social position. This makes occupation a likely __________ status. master set predetermined ascribed Question 26 1 / 1 pts In regard to media stories about the problem of homelessness, __________ is the term for news stories that focus primarily on statistics
about the homeless population and recent trends in homelessness. thematic framing semantic framing episodic framing sociological framing Question 27 1 / 1 pts W earing a wedding ring proclaims that a person is married, owning a RollsRoyce announces that one has “made it,” and pushing a
shopping cart is an indicator that one is homeless. These are examples of __________. social capital status symbols cultural capital conspicuous consumption Question 28 1 / 1 pts A __________ is a set of behavioral expectations associated with a given status.
value character role position Question 29 1 / 1 pts For any particular status, __________ refers to how a person actually behaves within her role.
status expectation role performance symbolic performance role expectation Question 30
__________ occurs when the expectations associated with a role are unclear.
1 / 1 pts Role relationality Role ambiguity Role alienation Role expectation Question 31 1 / 1 pts W hen __________ occurs, we may feel pulled in different directions. We may prioritize our roles and first complete the one we consider to
be most important. Or we may compartmentalize our lives and “insulate” our various roles. role strain role performance role ambiguity role conflict Question 32 1 / 1 pts Charles has a final exam in the evening at a time when he is supposed to be working. That same evening Stephanie (his girlfriend) wants
him to take her to a movie. To top it off, his mother calls, asking him to fly home because his father is going to have emergency surgery.
Sociologists would say that Charles is very likely experiencing __________. role conflict role ambiguity role alienation role performance Question 33 1 / 1 pts Cameron is a freshman at the local college. As a student, he is feeling pressure. He wants to party like the rest of his fraternity brothers,
but at the same time, he wants to maintain his 4.0 grade point average. Sociologists would say that Jack is experiencing _________. role reversal role conflict role incompatibility role strain Question 34 1 / 1 pts __________ refers to the conscious fostering of the impression of a lack of commitment or attachment to a particular role. It is clear one
merely goes through the motions of role performance. Role strain Role distancing Role conflict Role ambiguity Question 35 1 / 1 pts A former business manager is between jobs and takes a job at a local retail store in order to make ends meet. In that position, she
frequently talks about her previous work and her plans for the future. She doesn’t want people to view her as a “clerk.” Her behavior is
an example of __________. role ambiguity role exiting role inconsistency role distancing Question 36 1 / 1 pts __________ occurs when people disengage from social roles that have been central to their selfidentity.
Role rejection Role ambiguity Status rejection Role exit Question 37
__________ include our family, close friends, and school or workrelated peer groups.
Formal groups Primary groups Institutions Secondary groups 1 / 1 pts Question 38 1 / 1 pts Sociologists define a(n) __________ as a larger, more specialized group in which members engage in more impersonal, goaloriented
relationships for a limited period of time. informal group secondary group institution primary group Question 39 1 / 1 pts Schools, churches, and corporations are examples of __________ groups.
acting informal secondary primary Question 40 1 / 1 pts __________, or cohesion, refers to a group's ability to maintain itself in the face of obstacles. It exists when social bonds, attractions, or
other forces hold members of a group in interaction over a period of time. Social networking Cultural diffusion Social solidarity Cultural bonding Question 41
A __________ is a highly structured group formed for the purpose of completing certain tasks or achieving specific goals.
social institution social organization formal organization secondary organization 1 / 1 pts Question 42 1 / 1 pts A __________ is a set of organized beliefs and rules that establishes how a society will attempt to meet its basic social needs.
group working group social organization social institution Question 43 1 / 1 pts __________ emphasize the role of social institutions in accomplishing essential tasks for society.
Symbolic interactionists Conflict theorists Functionalists Postmodernists Question 44 1 / 1 pts Durkheim used the term __________ to refer to the social cohesion of preindustrial societies, in which there is minimal division of labor and
people feel united by shared values and common social bonds. specialized solidarity mechanical solidarity collective solidarity organic solidarity Question 45 1 / 1 pts Ferdinand Tӧnnies used the term __________ for traditional society in which social relationships are based on personal bonds of friendship
and kinship and on intergenerational stability. gemeinschaft verstehen gesellschaft bourgeoise Question 46 1 / 1 pts __________ are based on technology that mechanizes production. New technologies, such as cars, computers, electric lights, stereos, and
cell phones, are products of these societies. Horticultural and pastoral societies Agrarian societies Industrial societies Hunting and gathering societies Question 47 1 / 1 pts Sociologist Erving Goffman’s term __________ refers to the ways in which an individual shows awareness that another is present without
making this person the object of particular attention. civil inattention selective attention passive rudeness reserved rejection Question 48 1 / 1 pts People engage in civil inattention in an elevator, regardless of where the elevator is located. This illustrates that meanings shared across
situations serve to regulate the form and process of interaction, but not the content. Microsociologists use the term __________ to refer
to this. socially programmed interaction patterned interaction reasonable interaction expectation interaction order Question 49 1 / 1 pts If a person is told repeatedly that she or he is not a good student, eventually this person might come to believe it to be true, stop studying,
and receive failing grades. This scenario is an illustration of __________. survival of the fittest a selffulfilling prophecy false consciousness civil inattention Question 50 1 / 1 pts Sociologist Arlie Hochschild suggests that we acquire a set of __________ that shape the appropriate emotions for a given role or specific
situation, including how, where, when, and with whom an emotion should be expressed. socioemotional norms feeling rules emotional labors dramaturgical guidelines Quiz Score: 48 out of 50 ...
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- Winter '17
- Sociology, Charles, pts, Erving Goffman, Arlie Hochschild