Lecture Wk 8, REL132SP16

Lecture Wk 8, REL132SP16 - Lecture Week 8 RAAC pages 141 to...

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Lecture Week 8 ( RAAC: pages 141 to 176; TGC: Chapter 6, pages 69-82 ) Overview: Marsden describes this period of Protestant dominance and rising pluralism and it’s impact on American culture as a tension between the insiders’ push out to retain dominant influence in culture and the outsiders’ push inward to gain more influence thereby bringing change to the status quo. He writes, “Much of American history reflects the ongoing tensions between these centripetal (moving into the center) and centrifugal (moving out from center) forces shaping the culture” (RAAC 141). Key People (Who, When, & Why) : Isaac Hecker (1819-1888); Pope Leo XIII (1878- 1903); Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise (1819-1900); W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963); Booker T. Washington (1861/64-1943) Key Definitions: Catholic Ethos; Hansen’s Law; Secular Humanism Synthesis, (pulling it together): Students will 1. Understand the rise of Catholicism with its Catholic ethos. 2. Know the distinction of Judaism and of Christianity for Blacks in America. 3. Examine Human Secularism, the Human Manifesto, and present-day relevance. 1
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Lecture Week 8 ( RAAC: pages 141 to 176; TGC: Chapter 6, pages 69-82 ) Learning Outcome 1: Understand the rise of Catholicism with its Catholic ethos. 1.1 Key People: 1.11 Isaac Hecker (1819-1888) He was a mid-century convert to Catholicism who formed a priestly order, the Paulist Fathers, and was a leader in “Americanist” movement. He was an example of a centripetal influence in Catholicism. He believed in changing the style and tone of the church and not it’s doctrines. For a highly top-down organization, centrifugal, this was not acceptable even though that center was far away in Rome at the Vatican. 1.12 Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) In his 1891 encyclical he denounced separation of church and state in America. Contrary to American democracy and culture where church and state are separate, this pope through an in-house letter to all parishes wrote, “the American separation of church and state was not the ideal condition for the Catholic Church” (RAAC, 146). 1.2 Key Definitions: Catholic Ethos was the name given by Catholic historian, Jay Dolan, for the “overall Catholic style” of its European peasant immigrants at end of 19 th century. This “Catholic ethos” was seen in three ways: 1.) Emphasis on central authority ; 2
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Lecture Week 8 ( RAAC: pages 141 to 176; TGC: Chapter 6, pages 69-82 ) 2.) Emphasis on sin ; 3.) Emphasis on ritual and openness to the supernatural . 1.3 Synthesis: Catholic Immigration Explodes & Americanizes From 1860 until 1930, Catholics in America increased by 17 million and primarily by immigration. That’s a huge numbers having a ripple affect in religion, politics, and public education. At first this might seem unifying having such large numbers of Catholics emigrating; just politically it could provide a power shift as a voting block. However, like America as a whole, ethnicity, class, and religious style e.g., Irish Catholics’ worship verse Polish Catholics’ worship divided Catholics.
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