Introduction - HRT 221 Greenhouse Structures and Management John Biernbaum Department of Horticulture First Class Objectives

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Unformatted text preview: HRT 221 Greenhouse Structures and Management John Biernbaum Department of Horticulture First Class Objectives First "Exam" (last thing is Final Exam) Introductions Review Syllabus Course Schedule Assessment and Evaluation (grading) Exams, Assignments, Attendance Text Book and Lecture Outlines Questions? Greenhouse Management Light Intensity Quality Duration Air CO2 Oxygen Humidity Temperature ADT DIF DIP Pest Management Insects Diseases Sanitation IPM Plant + Oxygen Nutritional Monitoring Visual Diagnosis Soil Testing Foliar Analysis Structures & Lighting Circulation & Ventilation Heating & Cooling Seed + H2O + Nutrients + CO2 + Light + Heat Irrigation Quality Quantity Method Root Medium Support Aeration Water Nutrients Fertilization Intensity Capacity Balance Availability Watering Equipment Components & Amendments Injectors & Methods Costs - $$$$ Costs of Construction Land and Access Roads, Parking Utility Installation and Hookup Greenhouse Costs of Production Fixed Costs Variable Costs Common Greenhouse Crops and Uses Seedlings, Plugs and Rooted Cuttings Bedding or Garden Plants Flowering Potted Plants Foliage Potted Plants Cut Flowers and Greens Vegetables, Herbs, Fruits Landscape and Woody Ornamentals Public Display and Education Research: University and Private Teaching Pleasure or Personal Experience Plug Production Bedding or Garden Plants Top Annuals Impatiens Fibrous begonia Marigold Pansy Petunia New Guinea impatiens Snapdragon Vinca Salvia Seed geranium Other Garden Crops Cool Season Vegetables Warm Season Vegetables Culinary and Medicinal Herbs Water Garden Plants Herbaceous Perennials Hanging Baskets Herbaceous Perennials MSU Flowering Research Field Production Bare Root Green Plants Sales increase dramatically when the plants are in flower. MSU Flowering Research Propagation Methods Cold Storage Temperature Lighting Scheduling Lots of Horticulture knowledge Flower Potted Plants Poinsettias Chrysanthemums Easter Lilies Cyclamen Kalanchoes Many More Foliage Potted Plants House Plants Interior Landscape Plants >50% in Florida Texas, California and Hawaii also Cut Flowers Roses, Carnations, Mums, Snaps, Tulips, Daffodils, etc Many Specialty Crops Majority Imported Floriculture Commodity Comparison National Michigan Bedding Plants >50% 80% Potted Plants 20% >10% Foliage Plants <15% <5% Cuts/Greens <15% <5% Not absolute values rounded for comparison and ease of remembering Vegetables, Herbs, Fruits Tomato, Pepper, Cucumber Salad Greens Many Cool Season Crops Basil, Parsley, Cilantro, etc Edible Flowers Strawberries, Raspberries, Cherries? Year-round Local Food and Farming MSU-SOF-CSA May 1, 2003 Woody Landscape Plants Propagation Liners Flowering Shrubs Table Top Evergreen Christmas Trees Public Displays Botanical Gardens Specialty Plant Collections Zoo Animal Habitat Research University Private Seed Companies Medicinal Plants Entomology and Plant Pathology Fertilizer and Root Medium Companies Teaching High School Technical Centers Science Classes Extended Season Gardening Personal Pleasure and Food Production Does the greenhouse have to help generate income? For many people today, a greenhouse can be a leisure or family item like a boat or camper. Types of Jobs Production Planting, watering, fertilizing, etc Grower Scheduling crops, planning, monitoring Manager Scheduling people, marketing Shipping and Sales Opportunities are Age and Gender Independent What is the first step in starting a greenhouse or almost any business? Methods of Marketing Retail Wholesale Cooperative Auctions Dutch Flower Auction History of Greenhouses Europe / Netherlands United States Movement east to west International Movement for climate Movement for production costs Production Area Determinate Triangle Crop Quality (High) Production Cost (Low) Transportation Cost (Low) Dynamic Industry Technology Efficiency Scheduling Marketing Pesticide Regulations Protecting Ground and Surface Water Water Quality and Availability Labor Availability, Training and Costs Fuel and Transportation Costs Site Selection Bureaucratic or Sociological Factors Zoning Laws Pesticides, delivery trucks, marketing Tax Structure Temporary vs permanent structure Land Use Prediction Development plans Expansion Room Site Selection Production Costs or Economic Factors Labor supply and costs Traditionally lower wages Market wholesale or retail Supply and demand Transportation Availability and quality Utilities Electric, heat (gas, oil, etc), water Site Selection Quality or Ecological Factors Weather Conditions Light Exposure to wind and snow Topography (slope) Soil availability and Quality ? Water availability and quality Air quality industrial pollutants Weather Information NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Search the Web for Data Site Layout and Planning ...
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This note was uploaded on 07/25/2008 for the course HRT 221 taught by Professor Biernbaum during the Fall '04 term at Michigan State University.

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