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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5, Energy C HAPTER 5 2. A very light cart holding a 300-N box is moved at constant velocity across a 15-m level surface. What is the net work done in the process? a. zero b. 1/20 J c. 20 J d. 2 000 J 4. An rock is thrown straight up with an initial velocity of 15.0 m/s. Ignore energy lost to air friction. How high will the rock rise? a. 1.53 m b. 22.9 m c. 6.50 m d. 11.5 m 6. A professional skier reaches a speed of 56 m/s on a 30 ski slope. Ignoring friction, what was the minimum distance along the slope the skier would have had to travel, starting from rest? a. 110 m b. 160 m c. 320 m d. 640 m 7. A 50-N crate is pulled up a 5-m inclined plane by a worker at constant velocity. If the plane is inclined at an angle of 37 to the horizontal and there exists a constant frictional force of 10 N between the crate and the surface, what is the force applied by the worker? a. zero b. 20 N c. 30 N d. 40 N 8. Adisa pulls a 40-N crate up a 5.0-m long inclined plane at a constant velocity. If the plane is inclined at an angle of 37 to the horizontal and there is a constant force of friction of 10 N between the crate and the surface, what is the net change in potential energy of the crate? a. 120 J b. 120 J c. 200 J d. 200 J 48 Chapter 5, Energy 9. A 20-N crate starting at rest slides down a rough 5.0-m long ramp, inclined at 25 with the horizontal. 20 J of energy is lost to friction. What will be the speed of the crate at the bottom of the incline? a. 0.98 m/s b. 1.9 m/s c. 3.2 m/s d. 4.7 m/s 13. The rate at which work is done is equivalent to which of the following? a. increase in potential energy b. thermal energy c. potential energy d. power 20. A worker pushes a sled with a force of 40 N over a level distance of 6.0 m. If a frictional force of 24 N acts on the wheelbarrow in a direction opposite to that of the worker, what net work is done on the wheelbarrow?...
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