Class Notes - HIST 113 1607 1620 1630 1763 1776 1:03:00 PM...

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HIST 113 06/03/2007 15:03:00 1607     1620     1630     1763     1776 - There was a long term transformation in which people moved from colonies of  transplanted Englishmen to provinces of Americans The transformation  can be broken down into a long and short term  transformation 1607-1763 and 1763-1776  - There were two large things that distinguished us from the mother country  The colonies experienced constant long term growth  o ½  million people by the revolution  o 1770 2 million o 1790 3 million   There is also a great deal of diversity that grows  o First Africans come in 1619 initially not held as slaves but probably  indentured servants  o Slavery is institutionalized from about 1640-1670  o Over 60% of the population of South Carolina were slaves at one point  - Diversity in religion Technically in England everyone should belong to the state church  Separatists (Pilgrims) at Plymouth The Puritans want to purify the church  o Start to come over in the 1630’s 
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Quakers  Religious diversity sets the nation apart from the beginning  Great awakening (1730’s/1740’s) o Massive religious revival  o Shakes up the American religious hierarchy  French who come are Calvinist  Many religious sects from Germany Catholics Jewish  From the beginning we are and predominantly Protestant nation  - Enlightenment  Emphasis on the idea that the physical universe is understandable o If one applies reason, and subjects everything to observation and  experience, if you hear and feel and see and taste and touch the  universe around you, you can come to understand it The physical universe, instead of being chaotic, has been set up  by a higher being to operate in a strict set of laws of which  humans are capable of discovering  Locke begins to talk about man’s relationship to one another o He hypothesizes that man originally lived in a free state of nature but  as time unfolds men voluntarily came together in communities and they  agreed to institute civil government  o The most important of the natural laws were that no man should take  away the life liberty of property of any other man which is enforced by  civil government which itself is not to break these laws o Any government who doesn’t protect life, liberty or property doesn’t  deserve to  Individualism, notions of free will o Ideas of agency  - Economics 
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Great fertility to the land  Economic specialization Accelerated accumulation of capital  Inter-colonial trade South has become a staple crop producing part of the country 
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