PsychSm_im_handouts - Handout P1 Introductory Psychology...

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Handout P–1 Introductory Psychology Background Questionnaire Please use pen and PRINT your answers clearly. Return this at the beginning of the next class. Name:___________________________________________Class : Fr._ So._ Jr_. Sr._ Other: Student ID #: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Campus telephone: _____________ Campus address: ________________________ E-mail: ______________________________________ Hometown: __________________________ What is your primary reason for taking this course? (Circle one.) A. Interest in topic B. Distribution requirement C. Requirement for major D. Recommended by another student E. Recommended by advisor or another faculty member F. Other (specify) What topic in psychology interests you the most? Why? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What do you expect to learn from this course? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What are your hobbies, interests, and extracurricular activities? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Please describe any recognition you have received for any special accomplishments or achievements, either in high school or college: ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What formal activities are you involved with in college (e.g., athletic team, music, dance, on-campus jobs, etc.)? ________________________________________________________________________ 1
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Handout 1–1 Psychology’s Family Tree Complete this table by listing the subfields included that address each question about behavior and the areas of concern that are the focus of each subfield. Questions about Behavior Subfields Areas of Concern What are the biological foundations of behavior? How do people sense, perceive, learn, and think about the world? What are the sources of change and stability in behavior across the life span? How do psychological factors affect mental health? How do our social networks affect behavior? 2
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Handout 1–2 Where Psychologists Work For each of the settings below, indicate what type of work psychologists perform. Setting Type of Work Performed Independent practice Universities, colleges, and medical schools Hospitals, clinics, and other human services Government Schools and other educational settings Business 3
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Handout 1–3 Methods of Research Research, systematic inquiry aimed at the discovery of new knowledge, is a central ingredient of the scientific method in psychology. It provides the key to understanding the degree to which hypotheses (and the theories behind them) are accurate. Just as we can apply different theories and hypotheses to explain the same phenomena, we can use a number of alternative methods to conduct research. In this exercise, you will learn more about several methods of research that psychologists use to gain new knowledge about human behavior. 1. You are conducting research on sex differences in e-mails. Your hypothesis is that men use more declarative statements and women use more questions. Answer each of the following questions. What might be the advantages of using the archival method? What might be the disadvantages of using the archival method? 2. Now imagine that you are conducting research on the length of time it takes customers to select items in a grocery store. Assume that your hypothesis is that people will spend more time deciding on more expensive items than on cheaper items.
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