3-29-07 - Maintaining Integrity I Two dimensions of...

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Maintaining Integrity I. Two dimensions of integrity a. Moral integrity (individual) b. Structural integrity (institutional) II. Changing regularity imaginations – people begin to perceive a problem where they didn’t see one before. Change in regulatory machinery that controls the conduct of science. How they imagine the problems being controlled and handled within society, or how they imagine conduct being controlled. III. Traditional view of scientific misconduct (traditionally called fraud) a. Emphasized the most extreme offenses: i. “Fraud” ii. Fabrication (complete made it up out of whole clothe), falsification (tweak it in an extremely aggressive way), plagiarism b. Merton argues that fraud is virtually absent from the annals of science. And definitely less of it in science then in other fields. He thinks this is not because scientists have a higher moral integrity but rather the peer review process catches all of this. c. Focus on deviant individual d. Believed to be extremely rare: i. Owing to norms of science IV. Decline of Traditional View a. New demands for accountability i.
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