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NURS 6501N- 13 Advanced PathophysiologyWeek 1 Quiz1.A 12-year-old male is diagnosed with Klinefelter syndrome. His karyotype would reveal which of the following?a.XXY2.The nurse is teaching staff about the most common cause of Down syndrome. What is the nurse describing?a.Maternal nondisjunction3.A nurse is discussing the movement of fluid across the arterial end of capillary membranes into the interstitial fluid surrounding the capillary. Which process of fluid movement is the nurse describing?a.Hydrostatic pressure4.What principle should the nurse remember when trying to distinguish aging from disease?a.It is difficult to tell the difference because both processes are believed to result from cell injury.5.What causes the rapid change in the resting membrane potential that initiates an action potential?a.Sodium gates open, and sodium rushes into the cell, changing the membrane potential from negative to positive.6.During childhood, the thymus decreases in size, and this is referred to as _____ atrophy.a.Physiologic7.Sodium and water accumulation in an injured cell are a direct result of:a.Decreased ATP production8.A 50-year-old male was recently diagnosed with Huntington disease.