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Week 12 - Personality II Personality Health Topic 10...

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Personality II: Personality & Health Topic 10 Brendon Dellar Psychology 123
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Personality & Health What are the relationships between personality  and general health? Personality and mental health An introduction to disorders of personality
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Personality & Health Relationship What is “health”? Not the opposite of illness but the notion of  wellness Personality governs how we perceive events and  how we respond to these events (behaviour) Personality impacts directly on healthy/ unhealthy  behaviours eg: exercise versus smoking
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Stress & the Cardiac System What is perceived as stressful (personality  mediated) can result in psychological reactions  eg: release of hormones in the fight or flight  response Physical stress Psychogenic stress Prolonged psychogenic stress can result in an  increased risk for the development of coronary  heart disease (Friedman & Ulmer, 1984)
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Type A/ B Personality Type A Type B Competitive Easygoing Hard-driving Relaxed Impatient  Non-competitive Verbally aggressive Reflective Anger-prone Self-analytical
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Type A – Indicator for Increased Risk In Friedman & Rosenman’s (1984) study of 3 000  men, 257 had a heart attack Biological hypothesis versus behavioural  hypothesis Biology – release of fatty acids Behaviour – increase in unhealthy behaviours  amongst type A
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Type C Personality? According to Temoshok & Heller (1992) –  represents those at higher risk for cancer Characterised by internalised anger – “holding  anger within” or “bottling it up” and passive- aggressive style Often appear over-giving No strong empirical evidence to suggest that a  Type C to cancer relationship exists Only a weak relationship between stress and  cancer
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