Week 11 - Personality I: Theories of Personality Topic 9...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality I: Theories of Personality Topic 9 Brendon Dellar Psychology 123 What is Personality? Personality An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting Basic perspectives The Psychoanalytic Perspective From Freuds theory which proposes that childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations influence personality Psychoanalysis Freuds theory of personality that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts Techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions Free association In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious Person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial and embarrassing Unconscious According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories Contemporary viewpoint information processing of which we are unaware Personality Structure Id Contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy Strives to satisfy any basic sexual and aggressive drives Operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification Superego Part of personality that presents internalised ideals Provides standards for judgement (the conscience) and for future aspirations Ego Largely conscious or executive part of personality Mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality Operates on the reality principle, satisfying the ids desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain eg: avoidance Freuds idea of the minds structure Conscious Unconscious Ego Id Superego Personality Development Psychosexual Stages The childhood stages of development during which the ids pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones Oedipus Complex A boys sexual desires towards his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father...
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This note was uploaded on 07/29/2008 for the course PSY 123 taught by Professor Various during the Three '04 term at Curtin.

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Week 11 - Personality I: Theories of Personality Topic 9...

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