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Week 10 - Clinical Psychology II Psychological Therapies...

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Clinical Psychology II: Psychological Therapies Topic 8 Helen Pryer Psychology 123
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History of Treatment
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Therapy Psychotherapy An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a  trained therapist and someone who suffers from  psychological difficulties There are a number of different forms of therapy Eclectic approach An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the  client’s problems, uses techniques from various forms of  therapy
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Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis Freud believed the patient’s free associations,  resistances, dreams, and transferences – and the  therapist’s interpretations of them – released previously  repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self- insight Use has rapidly decreased in recent years Resistance Blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
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Interpretation Analyst notes the supposed dream meanings,  resistances, and other significant behaviours to  promote insight Transference The patient’s transfer to the analyst of  emotions linked with other relationships eg: love or hatred for a parent
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Humanistic Therapy Client-centred therapy Developed by Carl Rogers Therapist uses techniques such as active  listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic  environment to facilitate clients’ growth Active listening Empathic listening in which the listener echoes,  restates, and clarifies
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Behaviour Therapy Behaviour therapy Therapy that applies learning principles to the  promotion of desired behaviours or the  elimination of unwanted behaviours Exposure therapy Treat anxieties by exposing people (in  imagination or reality) to the things they fear  and avoid eg: a simulator for a fear of flying
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