Study guide test 1 - Part 1 history Packaging(Dictionary A...

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Part 1 - history Packaging (Dictionary) “A protective unit for storing or shipping a commodity” too limiting. Packaging (Textbook) - “..coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, distribution, storage, retailing and use of goods” still doesn’t cover it well, doesn’t discuss materials and machines How the Clemson Packaging Program defines Packaging - “It is a field that involves the use of materials, methods and machinery to develop and produce the packages that protect and preserve a product, help market the product and instruct the consumer in its proper use” Earliest Packaging - o Packaging helped contain things like woven baskets, shells, woven bowls, animal hides o Early packaging came from natural sources In 3000 B.C.Egyptians learned to blow and cast glass. In 105 A.D. paper was invented in China. In c.1500 the cork stopper used for bottles such as wine and the first evidence of protective packaging came about in 1500. The next major developments occurred during Industrial Revolution Notable Developments During the Industrial Revolution were In 1809 Nicholas Appert created the canning process. In 1810 Peter Durand developed the tin canister. In 1868 John Hyatt patented celluloid which led to the development of cellulose which was the first plastic. In 1877 Quaker Oats first used the “Quaker Man” to represent their product. This was the first use of graphics to represent a company. In 1895 toothpaste was first offered in tubes. This was the first evidence of convenience packaging. In 1897 the first use of paperboard for National Biscuit Company “Uneeda” Biscuit product. The 1800s to the early 1900s was when the first major use of graphics helped sell a product. The end of Industrial Revolution and Around WWII Illustrated how social changes impact packaging developments. o People were moving to the city and needed to be able to get small amounts of products on the go. Movement from bulk packaging to retail packaging. o Allows consumers to go to the store weekly rather than monthly 1
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In 1930 o Polyethylene or PE was discovered in England o Eventually one of the most commonly used packaging plastics, this still is true o EX: Ziploc, kayak Late 20th Century Packaging 1950’s - 60’s o Expansion of convenience and brand expansion o example: TV dinners 1970’s o Improvements in distribution and material handling o Laws were developed 1980’s o Improvements in barrier films and microwave packaging 1990’s o Environmental awareness and market globalization Notable Developments in Late 20th Century Packaging 1954 o Polypropylene was used for packaging o Abbreviated PP o Example: margarine containers 1960 – 1970 o Laws were clarified and improved 1987 o New Jersey enacts first statewide recycling laws for plastic containers 1990 o Nutritional labeling and education act Review of Timelines Earliest times were when o Containment, natural sources o Unrecorded dates Ancient Man-made o 3000 BC to 1500 Industrial Revolution Developments o 1800’s to early 1900’s
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