Fly Ash Report - Contents 1.0 Introduction.2 1.1 Background...

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Contents1.0Introduction................................................................................................................21.1 Background - Fly Ash Waste in India.................................................................21.2Rajiv Sharma and Alok Gupta’s Brick Project..................................................42.0Costs-Volume Profit (CVP) Analysis......................................................................52.1Fixed Operating Costs.........................................................................................52.2Variable Operating Costs.....................................................................................82.3Break Even Analysis.............................................................................................82.4 Contribution Margin.............................................................................................112.5 Margin of Safety...................................................................................................123.0 Recommendation and Conclusion..........................................................................13Reference............................................................................................................................14
1.0Introduction1.1 Background - Fly Ash Waste in India
Manufacturing Process of Fly Ash Bricks by the National ThermalPower Corporation (NTCP) in IndiaThe National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) of India had invented anew technology to replace burnt clay bricks with fly ash as a constructingmaterial to build up walls. The technology they invented uses a mix of 60 to80 per cent fly ash, 10 per cent sand, 10 per cent gypsum and 10 to 20 percent lime that can replaces the use of clay from the soil. With thesecombination,the fly ash bricks have high quality bricks with high compressivestrength and low water absorption.A pilot project was established by NTPC where they set up a fly ash brickmanufacturing plants at their thermal power plant. The project was successfuland they have produced approximately 150 million bricks in this plant and allof the bricks are used for their in-house consumption. It was suggested that anew plant should follow the guidelines of the quality standards of IS

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