4-17-07 - i People have to make decisions moving forward so...

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Rebuilding Systems I. Rebuilding Systems a. Voting: a sociotechnical system (emphasizes the interconnectedness of all parts of a system and the way that they function as a system or as a whole) i. Goals? Characteristics? b. Failures “open up” systems II. Politics of Causation a. Accidents make messiness visible i. Ordinary operation of sociotechnical systems; deviations b. Political legitimacy rests on assuring people that state can prevent, minimize, and mitigate harms of disaster c. Ambiguous causation in systems d. “Fixation” of cause i. Specific entities ii. Thing-cause and people-cause 1. thing-cause: badly designed intersection 2. people cause: bad driver iii. Cause, blame, responsibility, repair e. Hindsight/foresight problems
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Unformatted text preview: i. People have to make decisions moving forward so they must have foresight, and so there are many debates about what should be considered reasonably foreseeable. III. 2000 election as example of failed system a. Votomatic b. Butterfly ballot c. Debate over methods of establishing “voter intent” d. Debate over the human judgment versus mechanical objectivity. i. Mechanical – machine doesn’t care about outcome and just makes its decision based on preprogrammed mechanical procedures. ii. Rhenquist argued that there was no error of tabulation because the instructions were clear and the people who made mistakes simply do not deserve to have their votes counted....
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