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Class 1 student copy - Psychology: Yesterday and Today What...

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Psychology: Yesterday and Today
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What Is Psychology? Psychology is the science of mental processes and behavior . What is science ? What are mental processes ? What is behavior ?
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Levels of Analysis The person The group The brain
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The Evolution of a Science Structuralism Focused on identifying the “building blocks” of consciousness Introspection: “Looking within” Not objectively verifiable Introspectors often cannot agree on the data; results cannot be replicated
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The Evolution of a Science Functionalism William James Function: how a mental process operates how the mental process functions in the evolution of the species Influenced by Charles Darwin Studied how consciousness helped an individual survive and adapt to an environment Animal observations provide clues for human behavior
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The Evolution of a Science Gestalt Psychology Max Wertheimer Focused on consciousness and principles of perceptual organization The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
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The Evolution of a Science Psychodynamic Theory Sigmund Freud The mind has separate components: Conscious and unconscious Much of behavior is influenced by the unconscious Psychoanalysis Problems: Subjective interpretations Theory can explain any result
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Behaviorism
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This note was uploaded on 07/29/2008 for the course PSY 103 taught by Professor Canli during the Summer '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Class 1 student copy - Psychology: Yesterday and Today What...

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