phl103 exam - Plato Apology Traits of the Socratic method...

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Plato “Apology”Traits of the Socratic method: Skeptical, Conversational, seeks to define great concepts, tests the concepts, and uses deductive reasoning. Socrates himself was the wisest since he at least recognized his lack of knowledge.Socrates can converse with the Greek writers and heroes, or there is no life after death, in which case it is a dreamless sleep and rest.Socrates says that true wisdom consists of:knowledge of one's own ignoranceSocrates distinguishes between two groups of people accusing him: 1stand danger= accusers of old, who tell the younger generations rumors of how he will "take possession of your mind with falsehoods"-2nd= ancient, ones who died & he can't talk/argue w/ or x-examine What is Socrates' stated attitude toward death and danger?If you've got a duty to do, you have todo that and not worry about dyingJury-550 ppl, 2/3 convict bc hes going against gods, corrupting youth and attempting to stimulate growth. challenging power structures and political authority= might bring out socialcollapse or change? ruining reputation of the wise by ? them, polititions, poets, craftspeople – finds out not as wise as he thought – he is the wisest b/c he knows he doesn’t knowaccusations1. Making weaker argument stronger persuasive speech (convince someone to think/believe something) (rhetoritition- studies/teaches persuasive speech.  sophists taught tactics in persuasive speech and the one that would make people believe.)defense: philosophy persuadesbased on rational thinking and arguementation- he is not a sophist instead he is using rational argumentation  making people come to decision on his own evidence= he claims he does philosophy and not sophistry  b/c he doesn’t make any money and sophists are hired and paid2. Doesn’t believe in godsdefense: everyone knows that he believes in spirits and spirits are thechildren of god therefore it is impossible to believe in spirits but not believe in gods  logic – can’thave children without parentsevidence: oricle at Delphi, daimon  Told Socrates he was brilliant because he knew he knows nothing.his spirit/conscience 3. Corrupting youthdefense: if he had corrupted the youth then the ones that have grown older would realize it, he wasn’t teaching themhe wasn’t trying to teach them specific things they were just observing . certainly not intentional not in his self-interest/not rational -Accusations are genuine and punishment stems from a true desire to protect Athenian society  Socrates is a danger to society -Accusations are not genuine  punishment stems from desire to protect status quo and individual power and reputation -

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