Lecture_1

Lecture_1 - Global Health Challenges Social Analysis 76...

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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health Christopher J.L. Murray Richard Saltonstall Professor of Public Policy Director, Harvard University Initiative for Global Health Global Health Challenges Social Analysis 76: Lecture 1
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health 1) Population Health Measurement and Patterns 2) Major Diseases 3) Major Risk Factors 4) Health Systems: Public Health and Medical Care 5) Global Health Governance Course Structure
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health Lectures Monday, Wednesday (and four specific Fridays one of which is the Midterm exam) -- power point presentations will be posted on the course website prior to lecture Section 1/week; begins week of October 2 nd ; first problem set due in first section Head TF: Chara Rydzak Office hours for questions on content: immediately after lecture at HIGH on Monday and Wednesday, 11:15-12:15 Course Logistics
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health Illustrate the diversity and complexity of global health challenges Highlight the interplay of biology, epidemiology, history, policy, economics and other social sciences Examples for today: HIV, Depression, Obesity, Health Systems Performance, the role of WHO Five Illustrations of Global Health Challenges
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health A Global View of HIV Infection 38.6 million people (33.4-46.0 million) living with HIV, 2005 Source : 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health Retrovirus that attacks the immune system Transmission through sexual contact, intravenous drug use, blood transfusion and maternal to child transmission Main intervention strategies include: decreasing high risk sexual behaviour, reducing the risk of transmission per sexual contact (STD treatment, condoms), reducing transmission through blood, MTCT prophylaxis, antiretroviral therapy (3 drugs). Basic Facts on HIV
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health
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Harvard University Initiative for Global Health Age-Standardized HIV/AIDS Death Rate, Spain, 1985-2002 0 5 10 15 20 25 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Age-standardized deaths per 100,000
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Why is the epidemic so much larger in East Africa than West and even larger in Southern Africa? Why has the success in reducing new infections in Thailand and Uganda not been more widely replicated? Why is it so difficult to reach those in need of ARVs in poor developing countries? Will the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria have a major impact? Some Questions on HIV
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This note was uploaded on 07/30/2008 for the course SA 76 taught by Professor Sanes during the Fall '07 term at Harvard.

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Lecture_1 - Global Health Challenges Social Analysis 76...

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