Freedom of Speech in Schools, Military, & Prisons1.1STAmendment Rights for Studentsa.Supreme Court rules in favor of student more than teacherb.Types of Casesi.Those concerning Student expression1.Tinker v. Des Moinesii.“ “ “ Press1.Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeieriii.“ “ “ Organization1.Equal Rights Act – provides that public secondary schoolsthat receive federal funding have a limited open forum maynot deny access to student meetings on the basis of religion,political, philosophical, or other meeting groups2.1stAmendment Rights for Teachersa.Academic Expression – refers to teachers’ job-related speech, classroomteaching, participating in school programs, and communicating researchresults and professional opinion in a variety of ways such as bypublication or by presentations at academic meetings.i.Keyishian v. Board of Regentsb.Extramural Expression – speech not discussed in Constitutioni.Pickering v. Board of Educationii.School board makes ultimate decision/rules3.Military/Prison
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Law,First Amendment to the United States Constitution,strict scrutiny Obrien,i. Strict Scrutiny