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Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - 1 Logic a b c d e f g h i Know signs...

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1. Logic a. Know signs for not and therefore b. Know logical fallacies c. Know deductive arguments (see notes Oct. 30 th ) d. Modus ponens e. Modus tollens f. Hypothetical syllogism g. Disjunctive syllogism h. Dilemma i. Reductio ad absurdum 2. Authors of second half of course, birth and death dates, language in which they worked. a. St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430AD) b. St. Thomas of Aquinas (1225-1274AD) c. Both wrote in Latin 3. Cultural and historical influences affecting St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. a. St. Augustine was a Roman. When Romans saw a good idea they adopted it. Christianity was an illegal religion from 62AD-313AD. Christians were arrested or persecuted In 313 Christianity was tolerated, it eventually became the religion of Rome. In 354 Augustine was born. Monica was Augustan’s mother she was very overbearing. Augustine’s father died when he was 18. Augustan married a second class wife. In 395 Augustine became a bishop of Hippo. Goths were an ethnic group that put a lot of pressure on the Roman Empire. Augustine was a tough guy. He kept his ideas fixed on all that was eternal. 46 years after his death the Roman Empire falls. 476 was the fall of the Roman Empire in the West. 1453 was the Fall of Constantinople. 4. The relationship of Neo-Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy to the thought of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas, respectively. a. Augustine reads Aristotle through Plato. b. Aquinas read Plato through Aristotle. 5. Any theme named in a lecture title. a. “Good and Evil: How Do I Know?” b. “Hungry for Truth and Freedom.” c. “Why I Need God.” d. “Two Human Natures.” e. “The Christian Philosopher in the House that Love Built.” f. “Revelation and Reason.” g. “’God’ of the Christian Philosopher and Five Ways to Prove His Existence.” h. “Dying unto Life: Participation in God.”
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According to St. Augustine 6. Four kinds of freedom.
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