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brown_fall_06 - Ch.55 German Opera of the 19th Century...

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Ch.55 German Opera of the 19 th Singspiel – play w/ singing; far more modest Carl Maria Von Weber – 1786-1826 Friderich kind – was librettist for Der Freischutz Romantic opera – term used by Weber for certain of his operas and by Wagner for is early operas; the term suggests that the texts stressed mysterious or supernatural elements, as in the contemporary literary genre of the “romance” Wolf’s Glen Scene – finale to Act 2 in Der freischutz Melodrama – musical genre in which spoken text is accompanied by or alternates w/ instrumental music Bayreuth – gesantkunstwerk - (Total work of art) Music of the future – integrated and dramatic art form Music drama – Valhalla – Wagner tuba – mid range brass instruments Leitmotif – leading o associative, motive Ch. 56 Opera in Italy: Rossini and Verdi Gioachino Rossini – 1792-1868 Simple recitative – a basic form of recitative in operas of the 18 th th cent: narrative in text, speech like in melody and accompanied solely by keyboard or a minimal number of instruments; a recitative accompanied only by a basso continuo Impresario – a manager, as of a ballet or opera company Introduction – ( as an operatic number) – in 19 th cent opera, a musical number (usually called an introduzione) at eh beginning of the first act that is multisectional and composite in medium Cavatina – (in rossini’s operas) Stretta – the climactic section of a number in a 19 th cent. Opera, often in a fast tempo; the masculine form stretto usually alludes to a passage in a fugue in which a subject is imitated at a shorter than normal time span Rossini crescendo – a characteristic feature in operas by Giachino Rossini in which a long crescendo is accompanied by ever shorter phrases, a thickening of orchestration, and quicker harmonic motions Giuseppe Verdi – modernized Italian opera. Teatro alla scala – In Milan; where Verdi’s 1 st opera was performed Risorgimento – (resurgence) the movement toward Italian political and social unification that began in 1814 and culminated in 1861 when much of Italy was brought together as a single nation under King Victor Emmanuel II Brindisi – a drinking song, often found in 19 th cent It opera Scene – a passage in an opera or ballet calling to the stage a particular selection of characters Preghiera – a prayer scene, often found in 19 th It. opera
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Ch. 57 Nationalism and Virtuosity: Franz Liszt
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