1017RulingtheReformationExpandingandControllingtheReformation - Onwards Radical Reformation Princely Reformation Reformed Protestantism Religious

1017RulingtheReformationExpandingandControllingtheReformation

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OnwardsRadical ReformationPrincely ReformationReformed ProtestantismReligious AuthorityWho’s in charge of religion?Church, state, or self?No Protestant Prince until 1525; no king until 1534No authority embraces Protestantism for awhileLuther’s RivalsHuldrych ZwingliBright middle class childSwiss parish priestArmy chaplainLuther vs. ZwingliDislike each otherBoth: Salvation via grace as opposed to salvation via actsImport of ScriptureZwingli:Only Scripture, reject images, Eucharist is symbolicZwingli’s Zurich1 of 13 independent cantons1499 defeat HabsburgsResistance to authority acceptedOpen to new forms of religionPower centered in citiesNo big princeOften Reformation starts in cities such as theseReforming Zurich1522: Sausage Party12 reformed religionists were sitting around a table on the first day of LentTake 2 sausages and cut it into pieces and eat themDefiant because they were eating meat during LentSymbolic act showing their separation from the Catholic ChurchThey don’t see this in Bible1523: Public DisputationSet up debate between different parties and city fathers see who they agree withZwingli winsRestrictions shouldn’t be put on people1524: Ban imagesIconoclasm1525: Ban MassNo ceremony; sermons still around Radicalism growsRadical ReformationNew ideas run amokAll can have authorityRise of iconoclasm
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No church, just evangelicalsAll this happening without any authorityOld loyalties brokenWithin church and within statePeasants’ War, 1524-1525Landowning peasants leadNot a popular (as in common people) uprisingRelatively well off in this classLandlords often churchOld debate: TithesMoney you would pay to church to support priestPlunder monasteriesFeb 1525: 30,000 peasantsMarch: 12 Articles12 demandsPeople have religious authority over churchUltimate authority is the BibleImportance of contract and ScriptureApril: Imperial Army crackdown (HRE)Thousands killedScarsScares rural populationScares rulersClamp downLuther,
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  • Fall '11
  • John Calvin, Protestant Reformation, religious authority, Princely Reformation

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