The Necessity to Pinpoint the Root Causes of Poverty to Increase Foreign Aid’s Effectiveness Three recent influential books about foreign aid describe vastly different perspectives on how rich countries can help poor countries. The first perspective was by Jeffrey Sachs who wrote The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. Sachs argues for policies that will allow for $195 billion a year in annual aid to assist in education, health, sanitation, disease, and infrastructure of poor countries. For the most part, Sachs presents a moral argument stating that not only is current foreign aid insufficient but also that the US government is neglectful and cynical of where foreign aid is going. From a feasibility approach, Sachs argues that adequate levels of foreign aid could be met if the US spent 25 cents for every $100 in national income. Furthermore, common diseases that plague poor countries can be controlled if American citizens were to put aside only $2 of their income per year. In essence, Sachs demonstrates that higher foreign aid to reduce poverty in Africa is definitely within reach. Finally, to bolster his argument, Sachs mentions that his leadership in
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William Easterly, Development Assistance Committee, Development specialists