HST Quiz 2 - The foreigners who arrived in California in...

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The foreigners who arrived in California in the late 1840s could best be described as a. people who came mostly in families or as part of communities and, as aresult, were unwilling to assimilate into Californio society b. mainly single men who often married Mexican women and adoptedtheir way of life c. mostly American southerners who arrived with their slaves to establish lantations and, as a result, conflicted with the racheros d. soldiers who came with the army and the purpose of leaving after defeating Californios The pueblos were initially supposed to a. create agricultural settlements to privide food for the presidios b. become new homes for the growing mestizo population from Mexico who were being pushed out by the Spaniards c. become homes for Indians from the missions d. serve as Spanish settlements to deter the Russian and British settlement south The first Anglo trader that traveled overland to California was a. Jedediah Smith b. William E.P. Hartney c. Captain Henry Fitch d. John Marshall The economy of Mexican California is characterized by all of the following except a. liberalization of trade b. reliance on Indian labor c. cattle d. development of local manufacturing Which of the following is not true of the process of secularization? a. It created a small economic elite that came to define Californio society b. It gave Indians access to mission lands and allowed them to create communities protected by the Mexcian government c. It was motivated to some extent by humanitarian concerns d. It resulted in the largest transfer of land and resources in California history since Spanish arrival The majority of California Indians during the mission period died from a. poor diets b. disease c. warfare and violence d. mistreatment What was the biggest change in the economic and political structure of California after
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Mexican independence? a. Uniform control of political decisions and economic wealth stemmed from centralized control in Mexico City b. Families and individuals replaced Spain and natural forces in the region's prosperity c. Redistribution of mission lands created a large, upwardly mobile and landed population d. The missions no longer exercised a monopoly on land and labor
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