KeyConcepts_MCB61_2008 - Some Key Concepts from MCB 61...

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• Some Key Concepts from MCB 61 “Brain, Mind, and Behavior” – Winter/Spring 2008 • Useful as a guide for study • Not intended to be an exhaustive list • Lecture 1 (1/22) • Stanley Kubrick and 2001 • hominid evolution • genus Australopithecus • Homo neanderthalensis • Homo sapiens • hominid brain evolution • Lecture 2 (1/24) • mind and mental states • general features of vertebrate brains • anatomical terms used to describe locations • meninges: dura mater, arachnoid layer, pia mater • cerebral spinal fluid • anatomical sections / views of the brain: coronal, sagital • cerebral cortical lobes • other major brain regions: cerebellum, limbic system, brain stem, etc • grey matter, white matter, ventricles • corpus callosum • Lecture 3 (1/29) • brain vasculature: cerebral arteries • forebrain structures: cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, limbic system • brainstem: diencephalon, midbrain, hindbrain, cerebellum • cranial nerves • CNS • PNS: neuromuscular, sensory, enteric, autonomic • autonomic: sympathetic and parasympathetic • human CNS: 100 billion neurons, 5-10x as many glial cells • structure of neuron • Dmitri Mendeleev, periodic table of the elements • elemental abundances in the human body • atoms, molecules • Lecture 4 (1/31) • structure and properties of water • hydrocarbons, organic molecules, molecular structure • hydrophobic, hydrophilic, lipophobic, lipophilic • polarity of molecules MCB 61 Key Concepts 2008  -  Page 1
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• hydrogen bond • amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptides, proteins • primary, secondary, tertiary structure of proteins • inferring 3-dimensional structure from sequence • distributed computation of protein folding • Lecture 5 (2/5) • biological macromolecules: protein, carbohydrate, fat/lipid, nucleic acids • phospholipid bilayer membrane • dimensions: small molecules, proteins, lipid bilayer, nerve cells, synapse • deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA, RNA • gene and genetic code • transcription and translation • historical timeline of discovery in genetics • Avery and DNA • Hershey-Chase blender experiment (1952) • The Double Helix story • Lecture 6 (2/7) • Rosalind Franklin • Linus Pauling • government, military, politics: impact on scientific enterprise • neuronal axon • Na/K pump • ATP • energy consumption by brain • neuronal ion gradients • Lecture 7 (2/12) • membrane potential, resting potential • voltage-gated ion channels • action potential • refractory period • myelin • nodes of Ranvier • saltatory conduction • Lecture 8 (2/14) • Paracelsus: “Everything is a poison”
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This note was uploaded on 08/01/2008 for the course MCB 61 taught by Professor Presti during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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KeyConcepts_MCB61_2008 - Some Key Concepts from MCB 61...

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