Lifting Africa Out of Poverty: Global Challenge, Global Response Since the Millennium Development Goals were agreed upon in 1999, there has been very little progress in Africa. This is especially true with regards to the goal of halving the number of people living on less than a dollar per day. The proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day in Sub-Saharan Africa has decrease from 45.9% in 1999 to 41.1% in 2004, it is extremely unlikely that it will be reduced to 22.5% by 2015. The Blame Game There are three major problems that hinder progress towards achieving the MDGs in Africa: First, economic growth has been weak and intermittent. Sustainable economic growth has been the most effective way of helping people get out of poverty. Thus far, Africa has not experienced much of it. Although some Sub-Saharan countries have grown by more than 3 percent in the past decade, that growth has been mainly unsustainable and non-inclusive of the poor. Those who live in extreme poverty have seen nearly nothing of the increased income from
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