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Unformatted text preview: Score: _____ out of 9 (= 36 points 4) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 2 Name: KEY TA: Section: 1. (3 points) Hierarchical structure in syntax. The cartoon below contains a sentence that is ambiguous , i.e. it can be understood in two ways. Draw two tree diagrams each of which shows one of the ways in which the sentence can be understood. DO NOT PUT PHRASE LABELS SUCH AS NP, VP, ETC. ON THE DIAGRAMS. Use unlabeled trees like those for That butcher has smoked ham on page 25 of the APS book. The sentence you are to diagram is modified a little from the actual sentence in the cartoon. First tree : for nothing has to be linked directly to was (good). Second tree : for nothing has to be linked directly to good. Calvin was good for nothing. Calvin was good for nothing. (Meaning: He behaved well without any purpose, i.e. (Meaning: Calvin was worthless, i.e. it would it would answer the question WHY Calvin was good.) answer the question of WHAT Calvin was.) 2. (2 points) Grammatical categories. The basis of the joke in the cartoon below is two possible interpretations of the word longer. What are the different grammatical categories that are being exploited in this cartoon to create the joke? Adjective vs. Adverb : The first speaker intends the adjective use describing her skirts. Andys wife intend the adverb use, describing duration of the action of wearing. Linguistics 1, Assignment 2. p. 2 3. (10 points) Phrase structure trees and grammatical categories. Each of the sentences below can be accounted for by the Phrase Structure rules on page 27 of the APS book. Draw a tree with labeled categories above each sentence. Use the trees on pages 26-27 of the APS book as a model, though you should draw fully- labeled treesdo not use the triangle notation to simplify the trees . S NP VP NP PP NP | Pro V Det N Prep N | | | | | | They found a gene for grammar....
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2008 for the course LING 1 taught by Professor Schuh during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.
- Winter '08