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SOC 110 – 02January 4th, 2016 What is sociology?Sociology is the study of how humans interactwith one another. This is influencedby culture and environment.ESSENTIALLY: A study of society WHOPeopleWHAT*Ideology* BeliefsNormsStandardsExample - Sex VS GenderSex is physical, biological |Gender is a constructed identityWHERE Sociological relationships!oSociology is different from other sciences in that there is no controlled environmentfor it and you cannot control its variables.WHENSociology is past and present.HOW ObservationAnalyzingComparingQuestioningReviewingSurveys Data Entropy
A global society A global economyoSociology plays a big role in helping businesses learn how to target their consumerGlobal migrationoWe are constantly moving whether it be for study, work, or leisureA healthy society oThere are more young than there are old. The young support the old.OldYoung
January 6th, 2016 Imagination VS Perspective Understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social contextSociology through the decades50’soWomen are stay at home momsoMen goes to and bring in the moneyoChildren go to school and playNowoTwo working parentsoChildren go to school and playInstitutionoFamilySocial forces shape ideology; gender norms and values oGovernmentcan control family size by creating laws. Other social forces include: Family ancestryEconomyTechnologyReligionMediaSocial environmentOrigins of sociologySocial and political revolutionsoThese led to questioning. A yearning to understand society scientifically.3 Influential individualsDURKHEIMFirst sociology professor FrenchInspired by positivismoApplying the natural scientific method to social sciencesSTUCTURALISM If things function the way that they should, the structure will remain, like within a cell.
Durkheim thought of society as a system. Emphasized function and structure.Assumes that people’s roles are the most efficient and productivefor them and that they are dependent on one another. Effective role completion leads to social progress and mutual obligations and responsibility create obedience(50’s) If everyone in the family performs their duties, the structure will remain and thrive. If the husband doesn’t work or if the wife doesn’t cook, the structure falls apart.A family is a unitMARXMARXISMEmphasizes conflictoSocial classesoEveryone is struggling oCompetition for recourses, control and powerooooooooStructure based on productivityand an individual’s economic influence. Control of the economy leads to more power.