SOC 110 Notes - SOC 110 02 January 4th 2016 What is...

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SOC 110 – 02 January 4 th , 2016 What is sociology? Sociology is the study of how humans interact with one another . This is influenced by culture and environment. ESSENTIALLY: A study of society WHO People WHAT *Ideology* Beliefs Norms Standards Example - Sex VS Gender Sex is physical, biological | Gender is a constructed identity WHERE Sociological relationships! o Sociology is different from other sciences in that there is no controlled environment for it and you cannot control its variables. WHEN Sociology is past and present. HOW Observation Analyzing Comparing Questioning Reviewing Surveys Data Entropy
A global society A global economy o Sociology plays a big role in helping businesses learn how to target their consumer Global migration o We are constantly moving whether it be for study, work, or leisure A healthy society o There are more young than there are old. The young support the old. Old Young
January 6 th , 2016 Imagination VS Perspective Understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context Sociology through the decades 50’s o Women are stay at home moms o Men goes to and bring in the money o Children go to school and play Now o Two working parents o Children go to school and play Institution o Family Social forces shape ideology; gender norms and values o Government can control family size by creating laws. Other social forces include: Family ancestry Economy Technology Religion Media Social environment Origins of sociology Social and political revolutions o These led to questioning. A yearning to understand society scientifically. 3 Influential individuals DURKHEIM First sociology professor French Inspired by positivism o Applying the natural scientific method to social sciences STUCTURALISM If things function the way that they should, the structure will remain, like within a cell.
Durkheim thought of society as a system. Emphasized function and structure. Assumes that people’s roles are the most efficient and productive for them and that they are dependent on one another. Effective role completion leads to social progress and mutual obligations and responsibility create obedience (50’s) If everyone in the family performs their duties, the structure will remain and thrive. If the husband doesn’t work or if the wife doesn’t cook, the structure falls apart. A family is a unit MARX MARXISM Emphasizes conflict o Social classes o Everyone is struggling o Competition for recourses, control and power o o o o o o o o Structure based on productivity and an individual’s economic influence. Control of the economy leads to more power.
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