dope notes - Nuremberg Laws:At the annual party rally held...

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Nuremberg Laws:At the annual party rally held in Nuremberg in 1935,The laws excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them frommarrying or having sexual relations with persons of "German or related blood." Ancillary ordinances to the laws disenfranchised Jews and deprived themof most political rights.Isaiah Trunk, Łódź Ghetto:The first attempt to create a ghetto in the first major Jewish center in Poland in 1939. Was claimed tobe a transitional measure to ultimately “burn out this pestilence.” The ghettos succeeded in 2 ways: (1) concentrated Jews into a limited and heavilyguarded area facilitated control over the ghetto and eased the process of economic ruination and physical prostration for German authorities, boththrough severe restrictions on food deliveries into the ghettos and blockage of all sources of livelihood. (2) isolation and separation from the outsideworld deprived the ghettos of every opportunity to obtain aid from outside.1. How did emancipation of European Jews during the nineteenth centurychange their social and political relationships with Christians:The emancipation of the jews in europe was an attempt to bring them into dominantsociety and hegemony, by providing all members in a state citizenship. “The philosophes had hoped for a society in which everyone was a citizen of thestate, not a subject to the crown, and the revolution removed-in principle if not immediately in fact-barriers to citizenship, including those forjews.“Antisemitism is a reaction to Emancipation”*The only reaction to a “free” Jew was to hold a grudge against them and to have prejudiced feelingstoward them, hence, antisemitism2. How did theories of nationalism shape the way in which Jews were regarded by non-Jews:“By the laternineteenth century, nationalist historiography had come to identify ‘the nation’ and ‘the people’ with biological, genetic descent.”(16).Nationalismpromoted non-jews to think highly of themselves and that they were better than the Jews. They were taught to believe that they were a pure race andto believe that the Jews were scum and were basically undermining the government and the country. Nationalism taught them that their country wouldbe better off without the Jews in it.3. What was Bildung:Self-cultivation, Bildung merged education with character formation, moral growth and selfimprovement. It was something that appealed to the Jews because they could transcend differences of religion or nationality through the developmentof individual personality. They could acquire Bildung by adopting German intellectual and scholarly traditions of the 19th century.4. How did Jews beginto be viewed as a “race” by European intellectuals:Jews were given the opportunity to learn other things outside the Jewish texts and they wereoffered things as individuals, but not as a community.5. What is “antisemitism”:Antisemitism is hostility to or prejudice against Jews. It emerged after

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Term
Spring
Professor
Gunnin
Tags
Adolf Hitler, The Holocaust, Night, Nazism, German Jews

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