Colonies, Rebellion, Revolution - Decade of Simmering...

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Decade of Simmering Revolt 1763-1773 02/11/2015 ° Tea party anti tax political party Historically speaking the founding fathers were not anti tax, they were anti taxation without representation o Only from own representative ° Pre Seven Year’s War Mercantilism Navigation Acts o Required trade to be funneled through England o Molasses Act of 1733- tariff not taxing people directly Replaced by sugar act ° Post-War Imperial Policies Proclamation Line of 1763 and Army of 10,000 Men o First standing army in the colonies Currency Act, 1764 Sugar Act, 1764 Stamp Act, 1764 Quartering Act, 1765 Protests o Nonimportation agreements o Sons of Liberty
o Virginia Resolves ° ° George Grenville- Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1764-1766 Felt that army should be supported by the Americans not by the Europeans Not thrilled about smuggling that went on during the war with the French Colonial tax collectors would not actually come to the states and do their jobs, they would hire deputies o Deputies could be bribed Smuggling HUGE problem If caught smuggling, tried in admiralty court- no jury o Only set up in nova scotia o If caught had to travel there on own dime to be tried Sugar Act Lowered molasses tax, because used to make rum o Happy can make rum cheaper Sugar more expensive Currency Act, 1764 Paper money, not really worth what it says its worth Colonies cannot issue own money Any act passed by a colony demanding money to create money was null and void o Any governor who supported this was fined and taken out of office Parliments laws trump local legislators laws
Contradicted constitutional rights trial by Jury, ° Army Keeping the colonists from moving west and making them pay for it Boston had a meeting (town meeting) saying they protested these laws and called all the colonies to come together to protest it o Was not passed o First sign of revolution o “British privileges” o England ignored them largely ° Grenville Proposed and passed stamp act of 1765 Said that stamped paper had to be used for certain types of documents o All official documents o This special paper costs more o Basically placing tax on all of the items such as diplomas, liquor license, playing cards o NOT A TARRIF (most taxes in the past were tarrif’s) First tax at home First direct tax levied by parliament directly on colonists This money goes to pay for colonies Only paid a 1/3 of the cost for paying for this army Colonists being taxed without their consent ° No taxation without representation
Fine being taxed by own assemblies England sends message back that the colonists are represented through virtual representation o Parliamentary members know you are English and represent their interests o Not all Englishmen got to vote either What if the English had given them representation?

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