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Decade of Simmering Revolt 1763-177302/11/2015°Tea party anti tax political partyHistorically speaking the founding fathers were not anti tax, they were anti taxation without representation oOnly from own representative °Pre Seven Year’s WarMercantilism Navigation ActsoRequired trade to be funneled through England oMolasses Act of 1733- tariff not taxing people directlyReplaced by sugar act °Post-War Imperial PoliciesProclamation Line of 1763 and Army of 10,000 Men oFirst standing army in the coloniesCurrency Act, 1764Sugar Act, 1764Stamp Act, 1764 Quartering Act, 1765ProtestsoNonimportation agreementsoSons of Liberty
oVirginia Resolves°°George Grenville- Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1764-1766Felt that army should be supported by the Americans not by the Europeans Not thrilled about smuggling that went on during the war with the French Colonial tax collectors would not actually come to the states and do their jobs, they would hire deputies oDeputies could be bribedSmuggling HUGE problem If caught smuggling, tried in admiralty court- no juryoOnly set up in nova scotia oIf caught had to travel there on own dime to be triedSugar ActLowered molasses tax, because used to make rum oHappy can make rum cheaperSugar more expensive Currency Act, 1764Paper money, not really worth what it says its worth Colonies cannot issue own money Any act passed by a colony demanding money to create money wasnull and void oAny governor who supported this was fined and taken out of office Parliments laws trump local legislators laws
Contradicted constitutional rights trial by Jury, °ArmyKeeping the colonists from moving west and making them pay for itBoston had a meeting (town meeting) saying they protested these laws and called all the colonies to come together to protest itoWas not passed oFirst sign of revolution o“British privileges” oEngland ignored them largely °Grenville Proposed and passed stamp act of 1765Said that stamped paper had to be used for certain types of documents oAll official documents oThis special paper costs more oBasically placing tax on all of the items such as diplomas, liquor license, playing cardsoNOT A TARRIF (most taxes in the past were tarrif’s) First tax at home First direct tax levied by parliament directly on colonistsThis money goes to pay for coloniesOnly paid a 1/3 of the cost for paying for this army Colonists being taxed without their consent °No taxation without representation
Fine being taxed by own assemblies England sends message back that the colonists are represented through virtual representation oParliamentary members know you are English and represent their interests oNot all Englishmen got to vote either What if the English had given them representation?